Editor’s Introduction

  • Colin Lyas
Part of the Controversies in Philosophy book series (COIPHIL)


There are at least two reasons why language has always been an intriguing object of study. First, there is the supposition that language is a distinctively human possession, one that marks us off in some way from other inhabitants of the animal kingdom. Given this supposition, it is not unnatural for there to be a belief that to achieve an understanding of language is to make a significant step towards an understanding of our own nature. Second, language has been studied for the more practical reason that many difficulties arise from its misuse. The hope here is that an understanding of language will lead to an understanding and avoidance of these difficulties.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Noam Chomsky, Cartesian Linguistics (New York, 1966).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. J. Katz, The Philosophy of Language (New York, 1966) ch. 1.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    See J. O. Urmson, ‘Some Questions Concerning Validity,’ in A. G. N. Flew (ed.), Essays in Conceptual Analysis (London, 1956).Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    See K. S. Donnellan, ‘The Paradigm Case Argument’, in Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopaedia of Philosophy (New York, 1967) for a fuller discussion and bibliography.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    H. Putnam, ‘Dreaming and Depth Grammar’, in R. Butler (ed.), Analytical Philosophy (Oxford, 1962).Google Scholar
  6. H. Putnam, ‘Brains and Behaviour’, in R. Butler (ed.), Analytical Philosophy, Second Series (Oxford, 1965).Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    L. Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations (Oxford, 1963) para. 242.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    Max Black, Language and Philosophy (Ithaca, N.Y., 1969) ch. 1.Google Scholar
  9. 11.
    J. L. Austin, How to do Things with Words (Oxford, 1962).Google Scholar
  10. 14.
    G. Ryle, ‘If, So and Because’, in Max Black (ed.), Philosophical Analysis (Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1963).Google Scholar
  11. 16.
    W. V. O. Quine, Word and Object (Cambridge, Mass., 1960) ch. 2.Google Scholar
  12. 22.
    R. Quirk and J. Svartvik, Investigating Linguistic Acceptability (The Hague, 1966).Google Scholar
  13. 28.
    N. Malcolm, Knowledge and Certainty (Englewood Cliffs, N.J. 1963).Google Scholar
  14. 29.
    L. Wittgenstein, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (London, 1923) para. 2 4.0031.Google Scholar
  15. 30.
    A. G. N. Flew (ed.), Logic and Language, First Series (Oxford, 1951).Google Scholar
  16. 31.
    A. G. N. Flew (ed.), Logic and Language, Second Series (Oxford, 1953).Google Scholar
  17. 33.
    J. J. Katz and J. A. Fodor, ‘The Structure of Semantic Theory’, in Fodor and Katz, The Structure of Language (Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1964).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Limited 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Colin Lyas

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations