Advertisement

Sea-level Changes during the Last 10,000 Years

  • S. Jelgersma
Part of the Geographical Readings book series

Abstract

In this paper the results of various studies of sea-level changes are evaluated. The main problem in all studies is the possibility that tectonic movements have influenced observed levels. In consequence, opinions on eustatic sea-level changes during the last 10,000 years are rather divergent. Some agreement has been reached on the movements of early Holocene sea-level, but the changes in level during the last 5,000 years are much disputed. Three different opinions on the movements of eustatic sea-level are held: an oscillating, a steady and a rising sea-level. At the present time the rising sea-level concept seems the most likely. Evidences for high Post-glacial sea-level stages are questionable.

Keywords

Tectonic Movement Gulf Coast Radiocarbon Datings Marine Transgression Tectonic Subsidence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bakker, j. p. (1948) ‘morfologisch onderzoek van barradeel en zijn betekenis voor het inzicht in de subatlantische transgressie en het verspreidingsbeeld der terpen’, kon. ned. akad. wet. (Amsterdam) II 121.Google Scholar
  2. Bennema, J. (1954) ‘Holocene movements of land and sea-level in the coastal area of the Netherlands’, Geol. Mijnb., n.s., XVI 254.Google Scholar
  3. Bloom, A. L., and Stuiver, M. (1963) ‘Submergence of the Connecticut coast’, Science, CXXXIX 332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brandt, G., Hageman, B. P., Jelgersma, S., and Sindowski, K. H. (1965) ‘Die lithostratigraphische Unterteilung des marinen Holozäns an der Nordseeküste’, Geol. J., LXXXII 365.Google Scholar
  5. Broecker, W. S. (1965) ‘Isotope geochemistry and the Pleistocene climatic record’, in The Quaternary of the United States, INQUA VII Congress (Princeton, N.J.) p. 737.Google Scholar
  6. Broecker, W. S. and Thurber, D. L. (1965) ‘Uranium-series dating of corals and oölites from Bahaman and Florida Key limestones’, Science, CXLIX 58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Coleman, J. M., and Smith, W. G. (1964) ‘Late recent rise of sea level’, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., LXXV 833.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Curray, J. R. (1960) ‘Sediments and history of Holocene transgression, continental shelf, north-west Gulf of Mexico’, Amer. Assoc. Petr. Geol. (1951–8) 221.Google Scholar
  9. Curray, J. R. (1961) ‘Late Quaternary sea-level: a discussion’, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., LXXII 1707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Curray, J. R. (1965) ‘Late Quaternary history, continental shelves of the United States’, in The Quaternary of the United States, INQUA VII Congress (Princeton, N.J.) p. 723.Google Scholar
  11. Daly, R. A. (1920) ‘A recent world-wide sinking of ocean level’, Geol. Mag., LVII 246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Daly, R. A. (1934) The Changing World of the Ice Age (Yale Univ. Press, New Haven). Emery, K. O., Tracey, J. I., Jr., and Land, H. S. (1954) ‘Geology of Bikini and nearby atolls. Pt. I: Geology’, U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 260-A.Google Scholar
  13. Fairbridge, R. W. (1961) ‘Eustatic changes in sea-level’, Phys. Chem. Earth, v 99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fisk, H. N. (1951) ‘Loess and Quaternary geology of the Lower Mississippi Valley’, J. Geol., LIX 333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fisk, H. N. and McFarlan, E. (1955) ‘Late Quaternary deposits of the Mississippi River’, Geol. Soc. Amer., Special Paper, LXII 279.Google Scholar
  16. Gilette, H. P. (1938) ‘Coincidence of some climate and sea-level cycles’, Pan-Amer. Geologist, LXX 279.Google Scholar
  17. Gill, E. D. (1961) ‘Change in the level of the sea relative to the land in Australia during the Quaternary era’, Z. Geomorphol. Suppl., III 73.Google Scholar
  18. Gill, E. D. (1965) ‘Radiocarbon dating of past sea-levels in south-east Australia’, Abstracts, INQUA VII Congress (Boulder, Colorado, p. 167.Google Scholar
  19. Godwin, H., Suggate, R. P., and Willis, E. H. (1958) ‘Radiocarbon dating of the eustatic rise in ocean level’, Nature, CLXXXI 1518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gould, H. R., and McFarlan, E. (1959) ‘Geologic history of Chenier plain, south-western Louisiana’, Trans. Gulf Coast Assoc. Geol. Soc., IXGoogle Scholar
  21. Gourinard, Y. (1958) I. ‘Recherches sur la géologie du littoral Oranais’, II. ‘Épirogenése et nivellements’, Serv. Carte Géol. Alg., VI 1.Google Scholar
  22. Hails, J. R. (1965) ‘The Late Pleistocene and Recent history of the Macleay Valley and adjacent coastal areas, mid-north coast of New South Wales’, Abstracts, INQUA VII Congress (Boulder, Colorado) p. 187.Google Scholar
  23. Hoyt, J. H., Weimer, R. J., and Henry, V. J. J R. (1964) ‘Late Pleistocene and recent sedimentation, central Georgia coast, U.S.A.’, in Developments in Sedimentology (Elsevier, Amsterdam) 1170.Google Scholar
  24. Hoyt, J. H., Weimer, R. J., and Henry, V. J. J R. (1965) ‘Age of Pleistocene shoreline deposits, coastal Georgia’, Abstracts, INQUA VII Congress (Boulder, Colorado) p. 228.Google Scholar
  25. Jelgersma, S. (1961) ‘Holocene sea-level changes in the Netherlands’, Med. Geol. Sticht., series C—VI, 101.Google Scholar
  26. Lamb, H. H. (1964) ‘Atmospheric circulations and climatic changes in Europe since 800 A.D.’, Report, INQUA VI Congress (Warsaw, 1961) p. 291.Google Scholar
  27. Le Blanc, R. J., and Bernard, H. A. (1954) ‘Résumé of late recent geological history of the Gulf Coast’, Geol. Mijnb., n.s. XVI 185.Google Scholar
  28. McFarlan, E. (1961) ‘Radiocarbon dating of Late Quaternary deposits, South Louisiana’, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., XXII 129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. McKee, E. D. (1959) ‘Storm sediments on a Pacific atoll’, J. Sed. Petr., XXIX (3) 354.Google Scholar
  30. MacNeil, S. F. (1950) ‘Pleistocene shorelines in Florida and Georgia’, U.S. Geol. Survey, Prof. Pap. 221-f, p. 95.Google Scholar
  31. Pons, L. J., Jelgersma, S., Wiggers, A. J., and Jong, J. D. De (1963) ‘Evolution of the Netherlands coastal area during the Holocene’, Verh. Kon. Ned. Geol., Mijnbouwk. Gen., Geol. Serie, XXI (2) 197.Google Scholar
  32. Pons, L. J. and Wiggers, A. J. (1959–60) ‘De holocene wordingsgeschiedenis van Noordholland en het Zuiderzeegebied’, I and II, Tijd. Kon. Ned. Aardr. Gen., LXXVI 104; LXXVII 1.Google Scholar
  33. Redfield, A. C., and Rubin, M. (1962) ‘The age of salt marsh peat and its relation to recent changes in sea-level at Barnstable, Massachusetts’, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., XLVIII 1728.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Schofield, J. C. (1960) ‘Sea-level fluctuations during the past four thousand years’, Nature, CLXXXV 836.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Schofield, J. C. (1964) ‘Post-glacial sea-levels and isostatic uplift’, N.Z. J. Geol. Geophys., VVI (2) 359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Scholl, D. W. (1964) ‘Recent sedimentary record in mangrove swamps and rise in sea-level over the south-western coast of Florida’, Pt. 1, Marine Geol., 1344. — (1965) ibid., Pt. 2, II 343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Scholl, D. W. and Stuiver, M. (1965) ‘Recetlt submergence of south Florida: comparison with adjacent coasts and other eustatic data’ (in press).Google Scholar
  38. Shepard, F. P. (1960) ‘Rise of sea-level along north-west Gulf of Mexico: recent sediments’, Amer. Assoc. Petr. Geol. (1951–8) 338.Google Scholar
  39. Shepard, F. P. (1963) ‘Thirty-five thousand years of sea-level’, in Essays in Marine Geology (Univ. S. Calif. Press, Los Angeles) 201 pp.Google Scholar
  40. Shepard, F. P. (1964) ‘Sea-level changes in the past 6,000 years; possible archaeological significance’, Science, CXLIII 574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Shepard, F. P. and Curray, J. R. (1965) ‘C determinations of sea-level changes in stable areas’, Abstracts, Internat. Assoc. Quatern. Research, VII International Congress, p. 424.Google Scholar
  42. Shepard, F. P. and Suess, H. E. (1956) ‘Rate of post-glacial rise of sea-level’, Science, CXXIII 1082.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Straaten, L. M. J. U. Van (1954) ‘Radiocarbon datings and changes of sea-level at Velzen (Netherlands)’, Geol. Mijnb., n.s., XVI 247.Google Scholar
  44. Tesch, P. (1947) ‘De niveauveranderingen en de oudheidkundige verschijnselen’, in Een kwart eeuw oudheidkundig bodemonderzoek, Gedenkboek A. E. van Giffen, p.43.Google Scholar
  45. Thurber, D. L., BroeCker, W. S., Potrasz, H. A., and Blanchard, R. L. (1965) ‘Uranium series ages of coral from Pacific atolls’, Science (in press).Google Scholar
  46. WArd, W. T. (1965) ‘Eustatic and climatic history of the Adelaide area, south Australia’, J. Geol., LXXII 592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. West, R. G., and Sparks, B. W. (1961) ‘Coastal interglacial deposits of the English Channel’, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B (London) CCXLIII 95.Google Scholar
  48. Willis, E. H. (1961) ‘Marine transgression sequences in the English Fenlands’, Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., XCV (1) 368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zagwijn, W. H. (1961) ‘Vegetation, climate and radiocarbon datings in the Late Pleistocene of the Netherlands’, Pt. I, Med. Geol. Sticht., n.s., XIV 15.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Jelgersma

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations