Peace and Social Justice

  • Peter Calvert
Part of the The Making of the Twentieth Century book series (MATWCE)


As will already be apparent, the strains of the Second World War for Latin American countries were numerous. Almost all of them were affected to some degree by United States and Allied pressure for their support in the global conflict. Some were affected also by the opposing pressures from the Axis in the search for an outflanking alliance in the Western Hemisphere. To a few, it was a matter of urgent concern who was going to win.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Robert J. Alexander, The Bolivian National Revolution (New Brunswick, N.J., Rutgers University Press, 1958) is considerably outdated but as yet there is no satisfactory substitute.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Richard W. Patch, ‘Bolivia: U.S. Assistance in a Revolution Setting’, in Richard N. Adams, ed., Social Change in Latin America Today (New York, Harper & Row for Council on Foreign Relations, 1960) p. 108.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Edwin Lieuwen, Generals versus Presidents, Neomilitarism in Latin America (London, Pall Mall, 1964).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    For a view of this process by a celebrated Marxist advocate of revolution in Latin America see Régis Debray, Revolution in the Revolution? (London, Monthly Review Press, 1967).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Daniel James, ed., The Complete Bolivian Diaries of Ché Guevara and other captured documents (London, Allen & Unwin, 1968).Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Ronald M. Schneider, Communism in Guatemala, 1944–1954 (New York, Praeger, 1959) pp. 11–34Google Scholar
  7. Samuel Guy Inman, A New Day in Guatemala, a study of the present social revolution (Wilton, Conn., Worldover Press, 1951).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schneider, pp. 35–43; see also Kaiman H. Silvert, A Study in Government: Guatemala (New Orleans, Middle American Research Institute, Tulane University, Publication No. 21, 1954).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schneider, pp. 301–17; David Wise and Thomas B. Ross, The invisible government (London, Gape, 1965) pp. 165 ff.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mario Rosenthal, Guatemala, the Story of an Emergent Latin American Democracy (New York, Twayne, 1962).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lieuwen, pp. 37–45; cf. Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes, My War with Communism, ‘as told to’ Mario Rosenthal (Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall, 1963), p. 167.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kenneth F. Johnson, The Guatemalan Presidential Election of March 6, 1966; an analysis (Washington, Institute for the Comparative Study of Political Systems, n.d.).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Edmund A. Chester, A Sergeant Named Batista (New York, Holt, 1954)Google Scholar
  14. See also Batista’s apologia Culsa Betrayed (New York, Vantage Press, 1962).Google Scholar
  15. 14.
    This account follows the interpretation of Boris Goldenberg, The Cuban Revolution and Latin America (London, Allen & Unwin, 1965).Google Scholar
  16. 15.
    William S. Stokes, ‘The Cuban Parliamentary System in Action, 1940–47’, Journal of Politics, xi (1949) 335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 16.
    William S. Stokes, Latin American Politics (New York, Thomas Y. Crowell, 1959) pp. 314–15.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    For an account of the war in the Sierra Maestra by a participant see Ernesto ‘Ché’ Guevara, Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War, trans. Victoria Ortiz (London, Allen & Unwin, and Monthly Review Press, 1968).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    There are many works on Castro and his controversial role in world affairs. See inter alia Russell H. Fitzgibbon, ‘The Revolution Next Door: Cuba’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, cccxxxiv (March 1961) 113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Leo Huberman and Paul Sweezy, Cuba: Anatomy of a Revolution (New York, Monthly Review Press, 1960)Google Scholar
  21. Theodore Draper, Castro’s Revolution, Myths and Realities (New York, Frederick A. Praeger, 1962) and Goldenberg, cit sup.Google Scholar
  22. 20.
    Rufo López-Fresquet, My 14 months with Castro (Cleveland and New York, The World Publishing Co., 1966) pp. 65–126.Google Scholar
  23. 22.
    Theodore G. Sorenson, Kennedy (London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1965), pp. 294–309Google Scholar
  24. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House (London, André Deutsch, 1965), pp. 194–270.Google Scholar
  25. 23.
    Henry M. Pachter, Collision Course; The Cuban Missile Crisis and Coexistence (London, Pall Mall, 1963); Sorenson, pp. 667–718.Google Scholar
  26. 24.
    Sir Herbert Marchant, ‘Cuba hamstrung by economic troubles’, The Times, 6 February 1968Google Scholar
  27. see G. A. M. Hennessy, ‘Cuba, the politics of frustrated nationalism’, in Martin G. Needier, ed., Political Systems of Latin America (Princeton, Van Nostrand, 1964) p. 183.Google Scholar
  28. 25.
    A. Terry Rumbo, ‘Dominican Republic’, in Needier, Political Systems of Latin America, pp. 172–4Google Scholar
  29. See also Germán E. Ornes, Trujillo: Little Caesar of the Caribbean (New York, Nelson & Sons, 1958).Google Scholar
  30. 26.
    De Lesseps S. Morrison, Latin American Mission, An Adventure in Hemisphere Diplomacy, ed. and intro. Gerold Frank, pp. 112–43 (New York, Simon & Schuster, 1965).Google Scholar
  31. 27.
    Morrison, pp. 150–2. See also Juan Bosch, The Unfinished Experiment, Democracy in the Dominican Republic (London, Pall Mall, 1966).Google Scholar
  32. 29.
    O. Carlos Stoetzer, The Organization of American States, An Introduction (New York, Praeger, 1965).Google Scholar
  33. 30.
    Richard Milhous Nixon, Six Crises (London, W. H. Allen, 1962) pp. 183–234.Google Scholar
  34. 32.
    Dwight D. Eisenhower, The White House Tears, Waging Peace, 1956–1961 (Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1965) pp. 515–20, 537–9.Google Scholar
  35. 36.
    David Huelin, ‘Economic Integration in Latin America: Progress and Problems’, International Affairs, xl, 3 (July 1964) 430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. C. M. Castillo, Growth and Integration in Central America (London, Pall Mall, 1967)Google Scholar
  37. Miguel S. Wionczec, Latin American Integration: Experiences and Prospects (New York, Praeger, 1966).Google Scholar
  38. 37.
    Rayford W. Logan and Martin G. Needier, ‘Haiti’, in Needier, Political Systems of Latin America, p. 149.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    See also William S. Stokes, Honduras: An Area Study in Government (Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1950).Google Scholar
  40. 41.
    James L. Busey, ‘Foundations of Political Contrast: Costa Rica and Nicaragua’, Western Political Quarterly, xi, 3 (September 1958) p. 627 Martz, Central America, pp. 164–209; Parker, pp. 227–34.Google Scholar
  41. 42.
    John Biesance and Luke M. Smith, ‘Panamanian Politics’, Journal of Politics, xiv (August 1952) p. 386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 43.
    Larry LaRae Pippin, The Remón Era, an analysts of a decade of events in Panama, 1947–1957 (Stanford, Stanford University Institute of Hispanic American and Luso-Brazilian Studies, 1964).Google Scholar
  43. 44.
    Jules Dubois, Danger over Panama (New York, The Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1964); Martz, Central America, pp. 264–319Google Scholar
  44. See also American University, Washington, D.C., Special Operations Research Office, Special warfare area handbook for Panama (Washington, United States Government Printing Office, 1962).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Gline, Mexico 1940–1960, pp. 31–4, covers this period. See also Frank R. Brandenburg, The Making of Modern Mexico (Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall, 1964).Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    William P. Tucker, The Mexican Government Today (Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1957)Google Scholar
  47. cf. Robert E. Scott, Mexican Government in Transition (Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1959).Google Scholar
  48. 49.
    Busey, cited above; see also James L. Busey, Notes on Costa Rican democracy (Boulder, University of Colorado Press, 1962).Google Scholar
  49. 50.
    Paul G. Stephenson, ed., Costa Rica Election Factbook, February 6, 1966 (Washington, Institute for the Comparative Study of Political Systems, 1966).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Peter Calvert 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Calvert

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations