The Latin Settlement in the East, 1099–1187

  • Jonathan Riley-Smith


On 15 July 1099 the Christian army broke into the city of Jerusalem. The First Crusade had attained its goal. After an appalling massacre, the horrors of which were never forgotten or forgiven by the Muslims, the crusaders ‘all came rejoicing and weeping from an excess of gladness in order to worship at the Sepulchre of Our Saviour Jesus and there they fulfilled their vows to him’.1 By 1109, when Tripoli surrendered to the westerners, the crusader states had been established, and they were to last for nearly two centuries.


Sugar Europe Syria Expense Egypt 


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© Jonathan Riley-Smith 1967

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  • Jonathan Riley-Smith

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