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Conversion of Military R&D in the U.S. Context

  • Adam Yarmolinsky

Abstract

This chapter presents an overall view of the issues surrounding the conversion of military research and development (R&D). It makes a number of fundamental distinctions: between research and development; between military R&D, which is primarily concentrated at the development end of the spectrum, and civilian R&D; between basic and applied research; and between cost-reducing and cost-enhancing research. It discusses the flow of benefits between military and civilian R&D, in both directions, and it explores the role of the university in military research — a role that may be more highly developed in the United States than in the former Soviet Union.

Keywords

Development Cost Military Establishment Civilian Research Defense Department China Lake 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Defense Conversion: Redirecting R&D (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, May 1993), P. 7.Google Scholar
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    David Hamilton, ‘General Motors to Turn to the National Labs for a Technological Boost,’ Science 255 (10 January 1992), p. 147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    See Christopher Anderson, ‘Rocky Road for Federal Research Inc.’ Science 262 (22 October 1993), pp. 496–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Sam Nunn, ‘Strategic Environmental Research: A New Dimension of National Security,’ Aspen Quarterly (Autumn 1990), p. 87.Google Scholar
  5. See also, U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Defense Conversion: Redirecting R&D, (May 1993), ch. 3.Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Holding the Edge: Maintaining the Defense Technology Base (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 1989), p. 30.Google Scholar
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    Adam Yarmolinsky, Paradoxes of Power (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1983), pp. 233–34.Google Scholar
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    Christopher Anderson, ‘Weapons Labs in a New World,’ Science 262 (8 October 1993), p. 170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Adam Yarmolinsky and Gregory D. Foster, Paradoxes of Power (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1983).Google Scholar
  11. See also Ben R. Rich and Leo Janow, Skunk Works: A Personal Memoir of my Years at Lockheed (New York: Little, Brown & Co., 1994).Google Scholar
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    Robert E. Fullilove and Philip Uri Treisman, ‘Mathematical Achievements Among African-American Undergraduates at the University of California, Berkeley: An Evaluation of the Mathematics Workshop Program,’ Journal of Negro Education 59: 3 (1990), pp. 463–478;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Walter E. Massey, ‘A Success Story Amid Decades of Disappointment,’ Science 258 (13 November 1992), pp. 1177–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adam Yarmolinsky

There are no affiliations available

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