Conversion of Military R&D in the U.S. Context
This chapter presents an overall view of the issues surrounding the conversion of military research and development (R&D). It makes a number of fundamental distinctions: between research and development; between military R&D, which is primarily concentrated at the development end of the spectrum, and civilian R&D; between basic and applied research; and between cost-reducing and cost-enhancing research. It discusses the flow of benefits between military and civilian R&D, in both directions, and it explores the role of the university in military research — a role that may be more highly developed in the United States than in the former Soviet Union.
KeywordsDevelopment Cost Military Establishment Civilian Research Defense Department China Lake
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