On the Determination of the Period Length in a Period Batch Control System

  • J. Riezebos


Period Batch Control (PBC) is a production planning system that has strongly been propagated as a simple and effective instrument in obtaining the benefits of Group Technology, such as short throughput times and low work in progress. In order to obtain these benefits, PBC decomposes the manufacturing system in N stages and gives each stage the same amount of time P to complete the required operations. At the end of a period with length P the work is transferred to the next stage, and new work arrives from the preceding stage. One of the problems faced with when designing a PBC system is that there is little support from literature in the selection of a suitable period length for the stages. In this paper we address the problem of determining the period length P and the number of stages (and hence PBC periods) N, assuming the total manufacturing lead time T = N*P is held constant. We present an overview of factors that have to be taken into account when determining suitable values for N and P and treat the inherent trade offs.


Group Technology Period Batch Control Cellular manufacturing 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    J.L. BURBIDGE (1979) Group technology in the engineering industry, Mechanical engineering publ. ltd, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    J.L. BURBIDGE (1988) Operation scheduling with GT and PBC, Int. J. Prod. Res., vol 26, no 3, p. 429–442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    J.L. BURBIDGE (1989) Production Flow Analysis for planing group technology, Claredon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    J.L. BURBIDGE (1993) Group technology: where do we go from here, p. 541–552 in: L.A. PAPPAS and I.P. TATSIOPOULOS (ed), Advances in production management systems, Elsevier Science Publishing bv.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    B.K. KAKU and L.J. KRAJEWSKI (1995) Period Batch Control in group technology, Int. J. Prod. Res., vol 33, no 1, p. 79–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    C.C. NEW (1977) Managing the manufacture of complex products, Business books.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    J. RIEZEBOS and G.J.C GAALMAN (1995) Relations between cells in cellular manufacturing, Research Report 95A45, University of Groningen, HollandGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    D.C. WHYBARK (1984) Production planning and control at Kumera Oy, Production and inventory management journal, vol 25, no 1, p.71–82.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    K.K. YANG and F.R. JACOBS (1992) Comparison of make-to-order job shops with different machine layouts and production control systems, Int. J. Prod. Res, vol 30, no 6, p. 1269–1283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    D.M. ZELENOVIC and Z.M. TESIC (1988) Period batch control and group technology, Int. J. Prod. Res., vol 26, no 4, p. 539–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Riezebos
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GroningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations