In any study of modern Western European politics an examination of Germany must occupy a prominent place. Germans are the most numerous people in Western and Central Europe. From 1945 to 1990, Germany was divided into two states: the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), or West Germany, and the German Democratic Republic (GDR), or East Germany. The unified Federal Republic, which was formed in 1989-90, unlike France, Britain, Italy, or Sweden, must now integrate 16 million new citizens into its economy, society, and polity. The vast majority of these former East Germans have had little or no experience in democratic citizenship.
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- 1.Most respondents over age 45 in 1951 considered the imperial years, 1900–14, to be the best Germany had experienced in this century. Institut für Demoskopie Survey No. 0044, October 1951.Google Scholar
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