Private Residential Accommodation
Although this is the area of law most frequently associated with landlord and tenant in the mind of the lay person, it has come to affect a dwindling number of people — in spite of attempts by successive governments to stimulate the sector. The first Rent Act (known as the Rent and Mortgage (Temporary Restrictions) Act) was passed in 1915 in an attempt to prevent Glasgow landlords raising rents to exploit the increased wages of munitions workers. The Act may have succeeded in its aim, but it began a process of decline which can be traced thereafter through various pieces of apparently temporary (due more to the presence of that word in the short title than real intent) legislation and then subsequently into the Rent Acts. Since 1945, these Acts have, variously, removed security and rent control (in 1957), replaced it (in 1965), extended it to most lettings without resident landlords (in 1974), and attempted to stimulate the sector by creating special types of tenancies whose occupants would not have full, or any, security (in 1980). The different philosophies behind the various Acts have all been unsuccessful in halting the general trend of a decline of the private sector from ninety per cent of total stock in 1914 to seven per cent in 1991, increasing slightly to ten per cent in 1995.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.