Islam in Pakistan under Bhutto and Zia-ul-Haq

  • Mir Zohair Hussain


The role of Islam in Pakistani politics under Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (December 1971–July 1977) and Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (July 1977–August 1988) indicates that Bhutto used Islamic rhetoric and symbolism to bring about, paradoxically, an Islamic revival that resulted in his overthrow. Zia-ul-Haq’s ‘Islamisation’ campaigns have been much highlighted in the international media, and, like Bhutto, were used as a legitimising agent or strategy to secure the support of the polity.


Political Party Foreign Policy Middle East Foreign Minister Islamic Banking 
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mir Zohair Hussain

There are no affiliations available

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