Attempts to challenge discrimination and oppression are, of course, not new. Very many efforts have been made to promote equality, some of which have brought some degree of success, while others have not. My aim in this is not to chart the historical development of such efforts, but rather, more modestly, to identify a range of approaches that have been adopted and experimented with, focusing in particular on the problems and difficulties associated with them. My intention, then, is to present a summary of various strategies and tactics that have been utilized in an attempt to promote equality so that our current and future efforts do not have to ‘reinvent the wheel’ or repeat the mistakes of the past.
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