Flexible Work and Female Labour: The Global Integration of Chilean Fruit Production

  • Stephanie Barrientos
Part of the Palgrave Development Studies Series book series (PDSS)


Chile is often presented as a model of the economic success which can be achieved through neoliberal export-led growth, based on non-traditional primary produce. This is because of its high rates of economic growth since the late 1980s. A key element in this success has been the rapid expansion of fruit exports to the North, and today Chile is a major player in the global market for fresh fruit.2 A crucial prerequisite for this export success has been the annual mobilisation of a large temporary female labour force in fruit production within the central region of the country. At the base of Chile’s fruit exports, therefore, is the productive capacity and flexibility of women workers, yet their contribution to the Chilean export model has been given little attention in the literature.


Labour Market Fruit Production Female Labour Temporary Worker Female Employment 
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© Development Studies Association 1996

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  • Stephanie Barrientos

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