The class relations of the post-war period were formalized within a productivity drive as capital sought to reconstruct the conditions for sustained accumulation within an efficient and stable national regime (Clarke, 1988: 244–86). But productivity is not simply a techno-economic clockwork efficient based on the mutual recognition of natural advantage between workers and employers, regulated through market rationalities, as the training scientists would have it. It is, as Karl Marx showed through his exposition of the law of value, an antagonistic and contradictory process derived from the fact that in modern society social reproduction (use-value) is subordinate to the production, accumulation and appropriation of surplus-value: a process which depends on the co-operation of the producers it subordinates. The social relations of capital are, therefore, the social relations of struggle between capital and the subordinate class: labour. Capital is class struggle.
KeywordsAmid Income Smoke Posit Nism
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