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Cognitive-behaviourist approaches

  • Alex Howard
Chapter

Abstract

Cognitive behaviourism grew among people who described themselves as ‘psychologists’ more than it did among ‘counsellors’. One important group of psychology specialists were the clinical psychologists, who, initially at least, were ancillaries of the medical profession. As behaviourists, they confined themselves to devising and providing psychometric tests, numerical scores, normal distributions of quantified results, questionnaires and checklists for observation. Within this role, they established themselves within the UK national health service as valuable assistants to the doctor. Psychological testing was presented as a useful auxiliary service that physicians could request and use as they saw fit. Thus the employment of clinical psychologists within medical teams could be seen as adding to the medical consultant’s status, prestige and clinical armoury.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    J. W. Goethe, Elective Affinitives. Penguin, 1809, reprinted 1971.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Matthew Arnold, Literature and Dogma. AMS Press, 1873.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Steve Duck, Relating to Others. Open University Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  4. 7.
    David Pilgrim (ed.), Psychology and Psychotherapy: Current Issues and Trends. RKP, 1983.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Alex Howard 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alex Howard

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