Communist Europe 1985–91

  • Stuart Miller
Part of the Palgrave Master Series book series (PAMAS)


The ‘six years that shook the world’ opened with the coming to power of the relatively youthful Mikhail Gorbachev and concluded with his resignation from the post of General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union following an attempted right-wing coup in August 1991. By then the USSR had virtually disintegrated, and its components were in a state of political and economic crisis. In addition, by process of ‘chain reaction’, the Soviet empire in eastern and central Europe had undergone a series of revolutions and the establishment of democratic régimes which was associated with the collapse of the old communist military alliance, and the end of the Cold War. The key to these startling events was the Gorbachev policies of perestroika and glasnost, although that should be regarded as a catalyst which triggered underlying forces in the USSR and eastern Europe.


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Further reading

  1. Armstrong, D. and Goldstein E. (eds), The End of the Cold War (Frank Cass, 1990).Google Scholar
  2. Daniels, R.V., The End of the Communist Revolution (Routledge, 1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hosking, G., The Awakening of the Soviet Union (Heinemann, 1990).Google Scholar
  4. James, H. and Stone, M., When the Wall Came Down (Routledge, 1993).Google Scholar
  5. Rothschild, J., Return to Diversity (Oxford, 1993).Google Scholar
  6. Swain, G. and Swain, N., Eastern Europe since 1945 (Macmillan, 1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Turner, H.A., Germany from Partition to Reunification (Yale, 1992).Google Scholar
  8. Walker, R., Six Years that Shook the World (Manchester University Press, 1993).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Stuart T. Miller 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stuart Miller

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