Skip to main content

Economic Nationalism During UDI, 1965–79

  • Chapter
  • 16 Accesses

Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

In the late 1950s, decolonisation reached Southern Rhodesia. African demands for a share of power encountered stiff resistance from Europeans. Unwilling to grant the majority any real political influence, the European electorate rallied behind a new party, the Rhodesian Front (RF). The break-up of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland in 1963 led to stronger pressures from Southern Rhodesian manufacturers for policies of economic nationalism. However, it was the decision of the RF government to defy Great Britain over the issue of political incorporation of the majority that turned the perceived self-interest of manufacturers into a necessity for ‘national’ (settler community) survival. The Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) of 1965 provoked international sanctions and import-substituting industrialisation (ISI) became the policy of the RF government virtually by default.

Keywords

  • Trade Policy
  • Foreign Currency
  • World Market Price
  • Real Effective Exchange Rate
  • Secondary Industry

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-349-13766-4_4
  • Chapter length: 17 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   69.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-1-349-13766-4
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   89.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. World Bank, Zimbabwe: An Industrial Sector Memorandum (Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, 1987), p. 13. The figures are for 1967, but there was little change from 1965 with respect to sub-sectoral composition.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Robert H. Bates, Markets and States in Tropical Africa (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1981).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Larry Bowman, Politics in Rhodesia: White Power in an African State (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1973), pp. 79–80.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. P.B. Harris, ‘Rhodesia: Sanctions, Economics and Politics’, Rhodesian Journal of Economics 2, 3 (September 1968), pp. 5–20 at p. 8.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Doris J. Jansen, Zimbabwe: Government Policy and the Manufacturing Sector Vol. II (Harare: The Ministry of Industry and Energy Development, 1983), p. 40.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Roger C. Riddell, ‘Zimbabwe’, in Riddell et al., Manufacturing Africa (London: James Currey; Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1990), pp. 337–411 at p. 371.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Government of Rhodesia, Report of the Commission of Inquiry into Import Control (Salisbury: Government Printer, 1975).

    Google Scholar 

  8. A.F. Hunt, ‘Agricultural Policy in Rhodesia’, Rhodesian Journal of Economics 7, 4 (December 1973), pp. 189–201 at p. 193.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Harold D. Nelson et al., Area Handbook for Southern Rhodesia (Washington, D.C.: American University, 1975), p. 287.

    Google Scholar 

  10. J.C. Graylin, ‘Industrial Development in Rhodesia’, Rhodesian Journal of Economics 3, 4 (December 1969), pp. 38–43 at p. 43.

    Google Scholar 

  11. The Minister of Commerce and Industry the Hon B.H. Mussell, ‘Government’s Industrial Policy Its Aims and Objects in Promoting the Development of Secondary Industry’, Rhodesian Journal of Economics 3, 2 (June 1969), pp. 7–14 at p. 12.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Ministry of Commerce and Industry of Zimbabwe, Industrial Policy and Procedure Relative to Customs Tariff Protection and Tariff Relief (Salisbury: Government Printer, 1980), p. 1.

    Google Scholar 

  13. J.A.C. Girdlestone, ‘The Rate of Exchange of the Rhodesian Dollar’, Rhodesian Journal of Economics 7, 2 (June 1973), pp. 81–91.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Copyright information

© 1995 Tor Skålnes

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Skålnes, T. (1995). Economic Nationalism During UDI, 1965–79. In: The Politics of Economic Reform in Zimbabwe. International Political Economy Series. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-13766-4_4

Download citation