Advertisement

The Petroleum Sector under Continental Integration

  • John Dillon

Abstract

Oil is at the very core of U.S. geopolitical interests in North American economic integration; a major U.S. objective in trade negotiations with Mexico and Canada has been to gain secure access to the petroleum resources of its neighbors. Unrestricted access to Canadian and Mexican petroleum reserves represents more than just one more “side payment” attached to a trade agreement. With crude oil reserves equivalent to only nine years of production, and dependence on imports growing, the Bush administration’s energy strategy calls for greater reliance on imports from countries outside the Persian Gulf, such as Canada and Mexico. U.S. geopolitical interests demand that Mexico and Canada concede substantial control over energy as the price for a broad trade agreement.

Keywords

North American Free Trade Agreement Petroleum Reserve Formal Ownership Petroleum Sector Mexican Constitution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aguilar Zinser, A. (22 February 1991). “Petróleo en el TLC.” El Financiero, p. 8.Google Scholar
  2. Bertrand, R. J. (1981). Canada’s Oil Monopoly. Toronto: Lorimer.Google Scholar
  3. Blair, J. M. (1978). The Control of Oil. New York: Vantage.Google Scholar
  4. Bradsher, K. (15 December 1991). “Bush Tells Mexico He Wants a Free-Trade Pact Soon.” New York Times, p. 18.Google Scholar
  5. Calgary CP. (26 July 1979). “Canadians Warned by U.S. Oil Spokesman to be Cautious about Energy-Sharing Plan.” Globe & Mail, p. B2.Google Scholar
  6. Castillo, H., and Naranjo, R. (1984). Cuando el Petróleo se Acaba. Mexico: Ediciones Océano.Google Scholar
  7. Castillo, H. (1981). Los Energéticos y el Tercer Mundo. Mexico: Editorial Mexicana.Google Scholar
  8. Clarkson, S. (1985). Canada and the Reagan Challenge. Toronto: Lorimer.Google Scholar
  9. del Rio, P. Beltran. (9 December 1991). “Dato Oficial Sobre las Reservas Petroleras: 64,500 Millones de Barriles; Dato Real: 29,879 Millones.” Proceso (788), pp. 16–21.Google Scholar
  10. Engler, R. (1961). The Politics of Oil. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  11. Granitsas. A. (10 July 1992). “U.S. Team on NAFTA Procurement Under Rising Pressure from Oilfield Industry.” Inside U.S. Trade, p. 17.Google Scholar
  12. Grayson, G. W. (1981). “The Maple Leaf, the Cactus, and the Eagle.” Inter-American Economic Affairs (34).Google Scholar
  13. Hall, J. (17 July 1979). “Carter’s Plea to Ottawa: Back Our Energy Plan.” Toronto Star, p. 1.Google Scholar
  14. Halloran, R. (28 January 1979). “Carter Urged to Seek Pact on Mexican Natural Gas.” New York Times, p. 16.Google Scholar
  15. Hellman, J. A. (1983). Mexico in Crisis (2nd ed.). New York: Holmes & Meier.Google Scholar
  16. Inside U.S. Trade. (24 July 1992). “NAFTA Energy Negotiators Narrow Differences on Petrochemical Sector,” p. 18.Google Scholar
  17. Koffman O’Reilly, A. (16 August 1977). “Oil Seen Turning Point of Mexican Economy.” Journal of Commerce.Google Scholar
  18. Laxer, J. (1974). Canada’s Energy Crisis. Toronto: James Lewis and Samuel.Google Scholar
  19. Laxer, J. (1983). Oil and Gas. Toronto: Lorimer.Google Scholar
  20. Lomas, E. (28 October 1991). “La Reclasificación de Petroqufmicos No Ha Atrafdo Mas Inversiones.” La Jornada, p. 1.Google Scholar
  21. Meyer, H. E. (10 September 1979). “Why a North American Common Market Won’t Work—Yet.” Fortune, pp. 119–122.Google Scholar
  22. Moffett, M. (26 November 1990). “Wells of Nationalism: Oil’s Role in Mexico Raises Tricky Issues for a Free-Trade Pact.” Wall Street Journal, p. 4.Google Scholar
  23. Morse, E. J. (1990). “Gearing Up for an Oil Change.” Hemisfile: Perspectives on Political and Economic Trends in the Americas. La Jolla, California: Institute of the Americas.Google Scholar
  24. New York Times. (14 August 1982). “U.S. and Mexico: Major Rift Emerges.” p. 2.Google Scholar
  25. Ortega, F. (15 April 1991) “Punto de Vista de Pemex.” Proceso (754), pp. 8–11.Google Scholar
  26. Ortega, F. (22 June 1992). “El Plan de Reestructuración de Pemex Elaborado por la Mackinsey, adn ‘No Es Suficiente.’ “ Proceso (816), p. 8.Google Scholar
  27. Shaffer, E. (1983). Canada’s Oil and the American Empire. Edmonton: Hurtig.Google Scholar
  28. Teichman, J. A. (1988). Policymaking in Mexico. Boston: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  29. United States General Accounting Office. (1992). Mexican Oil: Issues Affecting Potential U.S. Trade and Investment. Washington.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ricardo Grinspun and Maxwell A. Cameron 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Dillon

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations