Chile and Japan: Opening Doors Through Trade
Chile is viewed by many Japanese businesspeople and government officials as the country offering the most favorable business climate in Latin America. Growth is relatively high, inflation is under control, and the budget is balanced. Tariffs have been reduced to a uniform 10 percent, most state-owned firms have been sold to the private sector, and foreign investment is strongly encouraged. Moreover, the transition from a military dictatorship to a democratic government has gone smoothly, and the new civilian administration has kept its campaign promise to maintain the liberal economic model introduced by its predecessor.
KeywordsCellulose Europe Lithium Shipping Explosive
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- 2.For a good account of Chilean attitudes toward the Pacific, see J. Salazar-Sparks, Chile y la Comunidad del Pacifico (Santiago: Editorial Universitaria, 1984).Google Scholar
- 6.There are some indications that the first factor was more powerful than the second. According to one study analyzing the period 1985–88, if Chile had maintained its participation in each Japanese import sector as the structure of Japanese imports evolved, total Chilean exports to Japan would have diminished slightly instead of increasing as they did. This suggests that most of the growth observed is attributable to improvements in competitiveness of Chilean exports. See R.Z. Lawrence, An Analysis of Japanese Trade with Developing Countries (Geneva: UNCTAD, May 1990).Google Scholar
- 12.For more details on foreign direct investment in Latin America, see Neantro Saavedra-Rivano, Recent History and Future Prospects of Economic Relations between Japan and Latin America (Tokyo: Institute of Developing Economies, 1989) and Blake Friscia, “Japanese Economic Relations with Latin America: Structure and Policies,” paper presented to the first session of the study group on Japanese Policies Towards Latin America, Americas Society, New York, March 1991.Google Scholar
- 21.Leslie Crawford, “Too Much of a Chips Feast,” Financial Times, December 19, 1990. See also Charlotte Elton, Japan’s Natural Resource Strategies and their Environmental Impact in Latin America (Tokyo: Institute of Developing Economies, 1991).Google Scholar