Flat Slab and Waffle Slab Systems

  • Surinder Singh
Part of the Macmillan Building and Surveying Series book series


The effects of column grid size, number of storeys, use of mild/high yield steel reinforcement, location of structural element, grade of concrete and provision of column heads in structural systems on the quantities of various constituents of reinforced concrete construction using flat slabs and waffle slabs have been studied and presented in the form of charts and mathematical equations. The charts give relationships between the quantities of each of the constituents of reinforced concrete construction, namely concrete, reinforcements and formwork, and each of the various parameters of the structure.


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    Mosley, W.H. and Bungey, J.H. Reinforced Concrete Design. Macmillan Press, London, 4th edn, 1990, pp. 114.Google Scholar
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    GKN (UK) Pte. Ltd. GKN Floors M Moulds, April 1977, London.Google Scholar
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    Singh, S. Cost models for approximate cost estimation of structural systems in commercial high rise buildings. PhD thesis, Vol. 2, National University of Singapore, 1986.Google Scholar
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    BS 8110: Part 1: British Standard for the Structural Use of Concrete — Code of Practice for Design and Construction. British Standard Institution, London, 1985.Google Scholar
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    Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors and Building Employers Confederation. Standard Method of Measurement of Building Works, 7th edn, London, 1988.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Surinder Singh 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Surinder Singh
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Building and Estate ManagementNational University of SingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Building Construction Program College of ArchitectureGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

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