Burundi and Rwanda, located in the equatorial highlands of east-central Africa along the Western Rift, are two of the smallest countries on the continent. They each straddle a major portion of the Zaïre-Nile Divide: a rugged mountainous region of the Rift which is thought to have served as a refugium for moist forest species during dry climatic periods of the Pleistocene. Although interconnected at times in the past, the mountain forests of the region have become disconnected to form an archipelago of forest islands, allowing for the separate evolution of species. These factors, in combination with a large range of topographic, edaphic and climatic characteristics represented in a small area, have resulted in montane forests of unusual species richness as well as high levels of local endemism and species rarity.


National Park Forest Reserve Montane Forest Forest Conservation Mountain Gorilla 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© IUCN 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amy Vedder
    • 1
  1. 1.WCIUSA

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