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Respiratory problems

  • Mary Carroll
  • L. Jane Brue
  • Brian Booth
Chapter

Abstract

Common health problems of the respiratory system of the older adult can be related to the characteristic changes that occur. The thorax becomes stiffer, lungs less elastic, and expansion of the rib cage more limited, resulting in lungs that are poorly aerated. As a result of structural changes, vital capacity decreases as residual volume increases, resulting in an alteration in the exchange of gases in the lungs. Common health problems of the older person include pneumonia, emphysema and tuberculosis. The purpose of this chapter is to guide the nurse in careful analysis of the data obtained, so that she can formulate valid nursing diagnoses with appropriate nursing interventions for clients with health problems of the respiratory system.

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Chapter 4

  1. 5.
    Carotenuto, R. and Bullock, J. 1980. Physical Assessment of the Gerontologic Client. Philadelphia, Pa.: Davis, 95.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    Hooker, S. 1990. Caring for Elderly People ( 2nd edn ). London: Tavistock/Routledge, 113.Google Scholar
  3. 7.
    British Medical Association/Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain: (1991). British National Formulary.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Limited 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary Carroll
  • L. Jane Brue
  • Brian Booth

There are no affiliations available

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