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Study of Protein Dynamics by NMR

  • Gerhard Wagner
  • Sven Hyberts
  • Jeffrey W. Peng
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Molecular and Structural Biology book series (TMSB)

Abstract

The three-dimensional structure of globular proteins is responsible for their biological activity, since it arranges crucial side-chains, prosthetic groups or cofactors in a way to make the protein functional. Owing to the fact that most proteins work at ambient temperature, they have some internal mobility. It is not immediately obvious whether this interferes with or enhances protein function. Some internal mobility may be important for protein function; other kinds of mobility may be irrelevant. Generally, most parts of protein structures are not directly relevant for protein function, since only small surface patches or enzyme cavities constitute the active sites. Most of the regular secondary structures seem to be relatively rigid. They provide the scaffold to present the functional groups to target molecules. In many cases, the functional sites are located at regions of irregular secondary structure, on external loops, or even on disordered sites. Therefore, there seems to be a general tendency that functional sites have higher mobility than the scaffold of the protein. Moreover, many proteins undergo significant structural changes when they do their work. This is the case for many enzymes when they interact with substrates or inhibitors, or for nucleotide-binding proteins when they dock to DNA or RNA. Thus, mobility may be necessary for proteins to be adaptable to target molecules.

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© The contributors 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhard Wagner
  • Sven Hyberts
  • Jeffrey W. Peng

There are no affiliations available

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