The Buddha’s Doctrine of the ‘Undetermined Questions’

  • John Hick


In considering the ‘conflicting truth claims’ of the different religions we need not only a theory of religious knowledge but also a theory of religious ignorance. And I think that we have a very good start to such a theory in the Buddha’s doctrine of the avyakata or, as the term is often translated, the undetermined questions.


Unanswerable Question Ultimate Reality True Answer Physical Universe Religious Pluralism 
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  1. 8.
    Edward Conze, Buddhism, Its Essence and Development ( 1951; New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1975 ) p. 39.Google Scholar
  2. 9.
    Masao Abe, ‘A Dynamic Unity in Religious Pluralism: a Proposal from the Buddhist Point of View’, in The Experience of Religious Diversity, ed. J. Hick and H. Askari ( Aldershot: Gower, 1985 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Hick 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Hick
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of BirminghamUK
  2. 2.The Claremont Graduate SchoolUSA

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