Thomas Carlyle

  • Michael Levin

Abstract

From the French aristocrat full of doubts and uncertainties we turn to the clear convictions of the Scottish stonemason’s son. Thomas Carlyle was born in 1795 in Ecclefechan, a small village in Dumfriesshire. His parents were strict Calvinists and wanted him, the oldest of their nine children, to enter the ministry. This opportunity he declined and soon came to believe that religious principles were easier found outside of churches than within. Yet in a broader than pulpit sense, preaching became his vocation, and though he wore no clerical garb, the hard theology of his parents provided the moral framework for his verbal assault on the modern world.

Keywords

Europe Steam Assure Defend Lost 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    T. Carlyle, Sartor Resartus (Oxford, 1987), p. 149.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ibid., p. 176.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ibid., p. 179.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. Carlyle, Essays in Two Volumes, Vol. 2 (London, 1964), p. 303.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Carlyle, Past and Present (Oxford, 1921), p. 197.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Carlyle, Essays in Two Volumes, Vol. 1 (London, 1964), p. 338.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Carlyle, Latter-Day Pamphlets (London, 1897), p. 44–5.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. Carlyle, Sartor Resartus, p. 18.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. Carlyle, Essays in Two Volumes, Vol. 1, p. 245.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. Carlyle, Past and Present, pp. 160–1, 160.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Carlyle, Essays in Two Volumes, Vol. 2, p. 203.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. Carlyle, Past and Present, pp. 231–2.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Marx Engels: Collected Works, Vol. 3 (London, 1975), p. 444.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    T. Carlyle, Essays in Two Volumes, Vol. 2, p. 225.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. Carlyle, The French Revolution. A History (London, 1891), Part One, p. 178.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    T. Carlyle, Past and Present, p. 194.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    See T. Carlyle, Latter-Day Pamphlets, pp. 35–6 and T. Carlyle, Essays in Two Volumes, Vol. 1, p. 299.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    T. Carlyle, On Heroes and Hero-Worship (London, 1974), p. 264.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    T. Carlyle, Past and Present, p. 244.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ibid., p. 130.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    T. Carlyle, The French Revolution, Part One, p. 30.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ibid., p. 12. Also see p. 177.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ibid., p. 115.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ibid., p. 165.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ibid., p. 105.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Ibid., Part Two, p. 248.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ibid., Part Three, p. 370.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    E. Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France (London, 1964), PP. 5–6.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    T. Carlyle, Latter-Day Pamphlets, pp. 32–3 and 37.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ibid., p. 194.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ibid., pp. 199 and 205.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ibid., p. 211.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    T. Carlyle, Essays in Two Volumes, Vol. 1, pp. 317, 316.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ibid., pp. 301, 302.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Ibid., p. 311.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Ibid., pp. 312, 316, 337.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    T. Carlyle, Past and Present, p. 226.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    T. Carlyle, Essays in Two Volumes, Vol. 1, pp. 236–7.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    T. Carlyle, Past and Present, p. 74.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    T. Carlyle, On Heroes and Hero-Worship, p. 222.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    T. Carlyle, Latter-Day Pamphlets, pp. 211 and 217.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ibid., p. 209.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    T. Carlyle, Past and Present, p. 62.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    T. Carlyle, On Heroes and Hero-Worship, p. 168.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    T. Carlyle, Essays in Two Volumes, Vol. 2, p. 220.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Ibid., Vol. 1, pp. 317, 316.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    T. Carlyle, On Heroes and Hero-Worship, p. 284. Also see p. 241.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    A.J. La Valley, Carlyle and the Idea of the Modern. Studies in Carlyle’s Prophetic Literature and its Relation to Blake, Nietzsche, Marx and Others (New Haven and London, 1968), p. 268.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    H. Trevor-Roper, ‘Thomas Carlyle’s Historical Philosophy’, The Times Literary Supplement, 26 June 1981, p. 733.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    T. Carlyle, History of Frederick II of Prussia called Frederick the Great, 8 vols, facsimile of 1897 edition (New York, 1969), Vol. 1, pp. 335, 337, 339.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Quoted in A.J. La Valley, Carlyle and the Idea of the Modern, p. 335.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Ibid., p. 214.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    T. Carlyle, Sartor Resartus, p. 5.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Marx Engels: Collected Works, Vol. 10 (London, 1978), pp. 301 and 307; ibid., Vol. 4 (London, 1975), p. 579.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Levin
    • 1
  1. 1.Goldsmiths’ CollegeUniversity of LondonUK

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