Identifying the Burden(s)

  • Simon Duke


One of the consistent difficulties of the burdensharing debate is that the ‘burden’, a term which implies notions of equality or inequality, is a subjective measurement. The US position often stresses ‘quantitative’ measures of expenditure to prove that its erstwhile allies should do more. The US’s European allies, when they reply, are more fond of the less quantifiable measures that emphasize hidden costs, social dislocation and the provision of rent-free land, or the differences in cost structures between a conscript and a volunteer military system. The two types of burden I have termed ‘input’ and ‘output’ respectively.


Public Good Purchasing Power Parity Stereotypical Threat Collective Good Military Expenditure 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    U.S. Congress, House of Representatives, Committee on Armed Services, Defense Burdensharing Panel, Report of the Defense Burdensharing Panel of the Committee on Armed Services, 100th Congress, 2nd. session (Washington DC: GPO, Aug. 1988).Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    M. Olson, and R. Zeckhauser, ‘An Economic Theory of Alliance’, Review of Economics and Statistics, vol. 48 (Aug. 1966) pp. 266–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. and R. Vayrynen, ‘The Theory of Collective Goods, Military Alliances and International Security’, International Social Science Journal, vol. 38 (June 1976) pp. 288–305.Google Scholar
  4. 15.
    S. Todd, ‘Impurity of Defense: An application to the Economics of Alliances’, Kyklos, vol 30, 1971, pp. 451–2.Google Scholar
  5. 16.
    See B. M. Russett, What Price Vigilance! (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1970).Google Scholar
  6. 20.
    See T. Sandler, and J.C. Murdoch, ‘Defense Burdens and Prospects for the Northern European Allies,’ in D. B. H. Denoon, (Washington DC: Pergamon-Brassey’s, 1986) pp. 103–113.Google Scholar
  7. 27.
    For a brief description of the NATO Infrastructure Fund see, J. R. Golden, The Dynamics of Change in NATO: A Burden-sharing Perspective (Praeger: New York, 1983) pp. 78–82.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Simon Duke 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simon Duke
    • 1
  1. 1.Pennsylvania State UniversityUSA

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