The Legitimacy of the ATS
During the last decade and a half the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) has been the subject of increasingly strong scrutiny and criticism from many quarters, and especially since 1983 when the affairs of the continent became an item on the agenda of the United Nations General Assembly. The negotiation of CRAMRA, however, has steered the discussion surrounding the ATS more firmly on to the environmental track which has caused some of the critics to take stock of and revise their criticism so as to make it fit better the new state of affairs1.
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- 2.The essay is reproduced in Martin Wight, Systems of States (edited by Hedley Bull), (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1977), p. 151.Google Scholar
- 3.See the fine treatment of this idea by Terry Nardin, Law, Morality, and the Relations of States (Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press 1983).Google Scholar
- 6.See, for example, L. Oppenheim, International Law, Vol. I, (London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1905), p. 13.Google Scholar
- 8.See Patricia Birnie, “The Antarctic Regime and Third States”, in Rüdiger Wolfrum (ed), Antarctic Challenge II (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1986), p. 260.Google Scholar
- 14.See Richard Woolcott, “The Legitimacy of the United Nations’ Challenge to the Antarctic Treaty”, in Rüdiger Wolfrum (ed), Antarctic Challenge III (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1988), p. 234.Google Scholar