• Peter Janke


The diverse nature of the case studies in the preceding chapters illuminates the truism that terrorist outbreaks, like all individual or collective manifestations, are conditioned by the political culture, history and economic circumstances of the society in which they occur. Nevertheless a surprising number of common factors are discernible. The ‘ethnic’ (South Tyrol and Canada), the ‘post-colonial immigrants’ (South Moluccans) and the ‘ideological’ (Italian Red Brigades, German Red Army Faction and Japanese Red Army) outbreaks were all influenced to a greater or lesser extent by the international climate of national independence, self-determination and ‘anti-imperialism’. In some cases, the wave of student radicalism which originated in the United States of America, the activists of the Algerian and Cuban revolutions, particularly Che Guevara, as well as the ideological terrorists of South America, the Montoneros of Argentina and the Tupamaros of Uruguay were also influential. All these influences were least apparent in the case of the South Tyrol, and most marked in the three ‘ideological’ instances.


Political Violence Security Force International Terrorism Italian Government Terrorist Incident 
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Copyright information

© The David Davies Memorial Institute of International Studies 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Janke
    • 1
  1. 1.Royal College of Defence StudiesUK

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