On the efficiency of Soviet cooperatives: a critical appraisal

  • Ruud Knaack


In recent years, a number of concrete steps have been taken to re-establish the cooperative as a legitimate component of the Soviet economic system. The first official sign of the new policy was the Politburo statement in support of the cooperative movement of February, 1987. The hope was that cooperatives, through ownership incentives, would contribute to the economic revitalization of the Soviet economy, both by raising the static efficiency of production and distribution and by encouraging technological development. In more detail, it was hoped that the cooperatives could satisfy the needs of the population by producing high quality consumer goods and services in large quantities by employing inputs so far unused.


Small Firm State Sector State Enterprise Cooperative Movement Cooperative Member 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Acs, Z., D.B. Audretch (1988), ‘Innovation in Large and Small Firms: An empirical Analysis’, American Economic Review, vol. 78, September, pp. 678–690.Google Scholar
  2. Dosi, G. (1988), ‘Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation’, Journal of Economic Literature, vol. XXVI, pp. 1120–71.Google Scholar
  3. Fusfeld, I. (1986), The Technical Enterprise, Cambridge (Mass.).Google Scholar
  4. Gomulka, S. (1985), ‘The Incompatibility of Socialism and Rapid Innovation, in M. E. Schaffer (ed.), Technology Transfer and East-West Relations, London.Google Scholar
  5. Hanson, P. (1981), Trade and Technology in Soviet-Western Relations, London.Google Scholar
  6. Hirshleifer, J. (1976), Price Theory and Applications, Englewood Cliffs.Google Scholar
  7. Kleinknecht, A. (1989), ‘Firm Size and Innovation. Observation in Dutch Manufacturing Industries’, Small Business Economics, vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 215–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kleinknecht, A., Reijnen, J., Verweij, J. (1990), Innovation in de Nederlandse Industrie en Diensverlening, (Innovation in Dutch Industry and Services), ’s Gravenhage.Google Scholar
  9. Knaack, R.K. (1983), Contradicties in socialistische planning (Contradictions in socialist planning), Enschede.Google Scholar
  10. Knaack, R.K. (1990), ‘Ideologie en hervormingen in de Sovjetunie’ (Ideology and reforms in the Soviet Union), Tijdschrift voor politieke ekonomie, no. 2.Google Scholar
  11. Nuti, D. M. (1989), ‘The New Soviet Cooperatives: Advances and Limitations’, Economic and Industrial Democracy, vol. 10.Google Scholar
  12. Oversloot, J. (1990), ‘Coöperaties in de Sovjetunie: Argumenten pro en contra. Een aantekening’ (Cooperatives in the Soviet Union: Arguments Pro and Contra. A Note), Tijdschrift voor politieke ekonomie, no. 2.Google Scholar
  13. Oversloot, J. (1990b), Sabbatwerkers in de Sovjetuni, (Shabashniki in the Soviet Union), Delft.Google Scholar
  14. Quinn, J. B. (1985), ‘Managing Innovation: Controlled Chaos’, Harvard Business Review, May/June.Google Scholar
  15. Stolker, J. (1990), ‘Cooperatives in the USSR, Some Systemic Remarks about their Future’, research paper, University of Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  16. Tedstrom, J. (1990), ‘The Reemergence of Soviet Cooperatives’, in J. Tedstrom (ed.), Socialism, Perestroika, & the Dilemmas of Soviet Economic Reform, Boulder.Google Scholar
  17. Tulder, R. van (1985), ‘Management of Industrial Change in a Small Country: The Netherlands’, Journal of Public Policy, (4), pp. 333–50.Google Scholar
  18. Wagener, H.-J. (1988), Elementen van economische orde (Elements of Economic Order) Groningen.Google Scholar
  19. Wiles, P. (1977), Economic Institutions Compared, Oxford.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bruno Dallago, Gianmaria Ajani and Bruno Grancelli 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruud Knaack

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations