Although modern manufacturing systems are not as labour intensive as they were some years ago, the efficient use of the human resources of energy, skill, and intelligence remains very important. This applies not only to manufacturing but to all other industries where labour is employed. The techniques used to ensure efficiency and measure human work are the subject of this chapter. They are generally considered under the term ‘Work Study’; this is a rational discipline in that the techniques ensure a systematic investigation of any situation examined. The two main components of Work Study are Method Study and Work Measurement.
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