Thailand

  • N. Mark Collins
  • Jeffrey A. Sayer
  • Timothy C. Whitmore

Abstract

Thailand, one of the wealthiest and most stable countries in Southeast Asia, was the first country in the world to ban all logging. The ban was a direct result of environmental disasters caused by logging and rubber plantation development. In November 1988, 359 people were killed and hundreds more made homeless by floods in the south of the country. Their houses were buried under an avalanche of logs and mud. The watersheds from where the floods had originated had been logged over and clear-felled for rubber plantations, and the steep slopes and friable soils were insufficiently stabilised. The Royal Decree to ban logging was issued in mid-January 1989 by the Prime Minister, Chatichai Choonhavan, and this was accepted by the House of Representatives in May. A second decree revoked all existing logging concessions.

Keywords

Rubber Explosive Beach Charcoal Fishing 

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Copyright information

© IUCN 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Mark Collins
    • 1
  • Jeffrey A. Sayer
    • 2
  • Timothy C. Whitmore
    • 3
  1. 1.World Conservation Monitoring CentreCambridgeUK
  2. 2.International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, GlandSwitzerland
  3. 3.Geography DepartmentCambridge UniversityUK

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