Political Subordination and Society in the French Antilles

  • Michel Giraud
Part of the St Antony’s book series


I have been invited to examine the modalities by which social structures in the French Antilles determine political life, but my chapter will, in a sense, tackle the problem from the opposite point of view. This is not out of a taste for paradox, but any study concerning Guadeloupe or Martinique must take into account the basic relation of these islands’ continuing political dependency on the colonizing power, France.


Political Representation Economic Circuit Fervent Supporter Marxist Analysis Assimilationist Policy 


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  1. 1.
    Frantz Fanon, Les Damnés de la Terre (Paris: François Maspero, 1974, first edition 1961), p. 9.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Edouard Glissant, Le Discours Antillais (Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1981), pp. 112–13.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    Due to the gathering together of occupations in the rural French Caribbean (a number of peasants also work during the sugar harvest as wage earners on the plantations), salaried agricultural workers and small peasants have never represented two clearly distinct groups. On the absence, in these islands, of a real peasantry motivated by an ‘ownership mentality’ see G. Lasserre, La Petite Propriété des Antilles Françaises dans la Crise de l’Économie de Plantations (Montréal: Centre de recherches Caraïbes, Université de Montréal, 1972)Google Scholar
  4. S.W. Mintz, ‘Petits Cultivateurs et Prolétaires Ruraux dans la Région des Caraïbes’ in Les Problèmes Agraires des Ameriques Latines (Paris: CNRS, 1968), pp. 93–100.Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    See J. Crusol, La Croissance Économique de la Martinique depuis la Départementalisation (Fort-de-France: Centre d’Etudes Régionales Antilles-Guyane, 1971).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Colin Clarke 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michel Giraud

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