It was on 3 October 1951 that Britain abandoned Abadan. On the 8th Nahas Pasha, the Egyptian Prime Minister, denounced the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936, the agreement providing a legal basis for the British military presence in Egypt. The correspondent in Cairo of The Times reported:
The Egyptian Government proclaimed 15 October as Abrogation Day and on the 16th anti-British rioting began in Ismailia, Port Said and Suez. All leave for British troops in Egypt was cancelled. Some of the soldiers then deployed to protect British women and children from the mob were drawn from the 1st Lancashire Fusiliers and the 1st Loyals, two of the battalions stationed in the Canal Zone, but previously earmarked for intervention at Abadan.
Events in Persia have been a godsend for the extreme nationalists and the xenophobes who have come to the conclusion that Britain no longer needs to be reckoned with seriously in Middle East politics.
KeywordsFiltration Assure Sewage Egypt Argentina
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Notes and References
- 1.Anthony Eden, Full Circle (London: Cassell, 1960), p. 225.Google Scholar
- 4.D.E. Butler, The British General Election of 1951 (London: Macmillan, 1952), p. 118.Google Scholar
- 5.William Roger Louis, The British Empire in the Middle East 1945–1951 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984), p. 714.Google Scholar
- 6.Gregory Blaxland, The Regiments Depart (London: William Kimber, 1971), p. 221.Google Scholar
- 10.Grant Hugo, Appearance and Reality in International Relations (London: Chatto and Windus, 1970), p. 142.Google Scholar
- 16.Martin Middlebrook, Task Force: the Falklands War 1982 (Harmondsworth: Penguin, revised edition 1987), pp. 67–8.Google Scholar
- 18.Quoted in Paul B. Ryan, The Iranian Rescue Mission: Why it Failed (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1985), p. 144.Google Scholar
- 23.C.M. Woodhouse, Something Ventured (London: Granada Publishing, 1982), p. 111.Google Scholar
- 29.Kenneth Harris, Attlee (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1982), pp. 485–6.Google Scholar
© James Cable 1991