For the United States, the thirties began on 29 October 1929 when Wall Street crashed and ended at 1 p.m. on 7 December 1941 when Japanese planes struck at the American Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Between these two traumatic events stretched a decade dominated by the economic depression which followed the crash and which was only exorcised finally by the change to a war economy in the forties. Politically the period was dominated by Franklin Delano Roosevelt, elected as President in 1932 with his promise of a ‘New Deal’ and who stayed at the White House until his death in 1944. Roosevelt’s far-reaching and dramatic changes in American economic and social life make this a remarkable decade in the nation’s history.


Film Industry Stylistic Change Pearl Harbor Deep Focus Early Thirty 
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Copyright information

© Mike Cormack 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mike Cormack
    • 1
  1. 1.University of StirlingUK

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