Dialectics of Disenchantment

  • Vladimir Tismaneanu


For decades, Communist ideology has played the role of substitute for religious symbols and values. Several generations have come to political age by assimilating a radical promise of universal redemption and emancipation.


Communist Regime Religious Symbol Communist Ideology Critical Intellectual Democratic Opposition 
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  1. 1.
    See Czeslaw Milosz, The Captive Mind(New York: Vintage Books, 1981), p. 75.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See Fyodor Burlatsky, ‘Khrushchev: Sketches for a Political Portrait’, Literatumaya Gazeta, 24 February 1988, p. 14.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
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  4. 5.
    See Agnes Heller and Ferenc Fehér, ‘Khrushchev and Gorbachev: A Contrast’, Dissent, Winter 1988, p. 10.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    See Vaclav Havel et al., The Power of the Powerless: Citizens against state in central-eastern Europe ( Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 1985 ), pp. 33–4.Google Scholar
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    See George Konrád, Antipolitics ( San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1984 ), p. 123.Google Scholar
  7. 10.
    See Jan Josef Lipski, KOR: A History of the Workers’ Defense Committee 1976–1981 ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985 ).Google Scholar
  8. 11.
    See Miklos Haraszti, The Velvet Pison: Artist Under State Socialism(New York: Basic Books, 1987).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Foreign Policy Research Institute 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir Tismaneanu

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