Sources of Strength and Stress

  • Mihailo Markovic


Before we can discuss the strengths and weaknesses of a large group of contemporary states, it is necessary to establish what characterizes them. They are not ‘communist’ because we call them that nor because their ruling parties call themselves that. Not one of these parties claims that it has so far succeeded in building a communist society. According to their own ideology, ‘communism’ is the project of a highly industrialized, classless and stateless society; they admit that they have not yet approached the realization of that project. Some claim that they find themselves in the socialist phase of the evolution toward communism. But since ‘socialism’ is used to refer to a mixed society, the definition is sufficiently broad to allow its application, with some reservations, to at least some of the states under discussion.


Ruling Party Political Liberty Political Pluralism Communist Society Bureaucratic Centralism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Foreign Policy Research Institute 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mihailo Markovic

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations