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The Uncommitted Audience

  • Joanne Wright

Abstract

The next three chapters will discuss the propaganda of the two terrorist groups with which this book is concerned. Before doing so, some preliminary remarks will be made on defining propaganda, its relation to terrorism, its techniques and its limitations. This will be followed by an outline of the chosen framework for analysis and an explanation as to why this framework has been chosen. To conclude these introductory remarks, there will be a brief note on the sources from which the main data for the chapters are drawn.

Keywords

Target Audience Terrorist Group Security Force Prison Officer Petrol Tanker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes and References

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    This was the period in the autumn of 1977, when the RAF kidnapped Hanns Martin Schleyer and demanded the release of imprisoned colleagues. A Lufthansa jet was hijacked with the hijackers presenting the same demands. The plane, however, was successfully stormed at Mogadishu whereupon the prisoners in Stammheim committed suicide. The body of Hanns Martin Schleyer was found a few days later.Google Scholar
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    It is conceded that on occasions both the British Army and the RUC have engaged in interrogation techniques which were ‘illegal alike by the law of England and the law of Northern Ireland’. (See Report of the Committee of Privy Counsellors appointed to consider authorised procedures for the interrogation of persons suspected of terrorism, (Parker) Cmnd 4901, p. 14 (London: HMSO, 1972). In January 1978, the European Court of Human Rights found Britain in breach of Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights which states: ‘No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment’. The basis of this finding was Britain’s use of five sensory deprivation techniques — the hooding of detainees, subjecting them to constant noise, sleep deprivation, diet restriction and long periods of positioning against the wall. By the time of the European Court’s findings Britain had already undertaken to abandon the five techniques in question and compensated those involved to the extent of more than two hundred thousand pounds. The purpose of the discussion here is to demonstrate that the Provisionals exaggerated and manipulated such findings with the intent to discredit the British state and the security forces. Indeed, Tugwell argues that they were so successful in this type of propaganda with the ‘effect of making arrested members “sing” the moment they fell into police or army hands’. (Tugwell, ‘Revolutionary Propaganda...’, op. cit., pp. 238–42).Google Scholar
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    Irish Times, 10 Oct. 1979.Google Scholar
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    Bell quoted in Clutterbuck, op. cit., p. 93.Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Belfast Telegraph, 9 Nov. 1979.Google Scholar
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    The Guardian, 10 Nov. 1979.Google Scholar
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    Belfast Telegraph, 11 Aug. 1984.Google Scholar
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    ibid., 28 March 1978.Google Scholar
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    ibid., 1 Dec. 1978.Google Scholar
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    PIRA spokesman quoted in E. O’Ballance, Terror in Ireland (USA: Presidio Press, 1981) p. 256.Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    McGuire, op. cit., p. 35.Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    See Coogan, ‘The IRA’, op. cit., p. 583, and L. Gurtis, Ireland the Propaganda War (London: Pluto, 1984) p. 140.Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    An Phoblacht/Republican News, 16 May 1981.Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Irish News, 13 Oct. 1984: and The Times, 13 Oct. 1984.Google Scholar
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    Tugwell, ‘Revolutionary Propaganda...’, op. cit., p. 231. See also p. 113.Google Scholar
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    An Phoblacht/Republican News, 20 March 1986.Google Scholar
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    ibid., 27 March 1986.Google Scholar
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    ibid., 2 Jan. 1986.Google Scholar
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    ibid., 13 Feb. 1986.Google Scholar
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    ibid., 1 Feb. 1975.Google Scholar
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    ibid., 29 Aug. 1985.Google Scholar
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    ibid., 22 Aug. 1985. See also Belfast Telegraph, 22 Aug. 1985.Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    See The Australian, 2 Sep. 1986.Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    An Phoblacht/Republican News, 2 Jan. 1986.Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Northern People, 18 July 1986. (Emphasis in original.)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Joanne Wright 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joanne Wright
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GovernmentUniversity of QueenslandAustralia

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