Introduction of the Soviet-style Wage System, 1948–55
The Chinese Communists, first regionally and later nationally, based their wage policies upon three major factors: the Marxist theoretical heritage; the practice of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union; and the reality they were facing. Compared to the drastic measures of War Communism which followed the October Revolution in the Soviet Union, the Chinese leaders promoted the socialist transformation of the urban economy peacefully in a step-by-step manner.1 As far as their efforts to introduce the Soviet system of wage grades was concerned, this gradual process resulted not only from their cautious approach to change, but also from problems and resistance in implementation.
KeywordsMigration Income Defend Tame Sino
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