Japanese Aid Policy toward the Third World



As in other aspects of Japan’s political economy, there is a large gap between the stated principles (tatemae) upon which Japan’s foreign aid is based and the reality (honne). Since the 1950s Tokyo has repeatedly declared that Japanese aid was aimed at developing poor countries and fulfilling Japan’s obligations as a member (otsukiai) of the international community (kokusai shakai). Tokyo has continually pledged its support for international organisations like the United Nations General Assembly (1960), the Development Assistance Committee (DAC, 1965), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD, 1964) and the Pearson Commission (1969), all of which have advocated that industrialised countries give 0.7 per cent of GNP in Official Development Aid (ODA) and a 1 per cent transfer of resources to developing countries.


Japanese Firm Asian Development Bank Japan International Cooperation Agency Development Assistance Committee Export Credit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    John White, The Politics of Foreign Aid (New York: St Martins Press, 1974).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Sukehiro Hasegawa, Japanese Foreign Aid: Policy and Practice (New York: Praeger, 1975) p. v.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    Raymond Mikesell, The Economics of Foreign Aid (Massachusetts: Lexington Books, 1987) p. 194.Google Scholar
  4. 13.
    Andrew J. Spindler, The Politics of International Credit (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institute, 1983) p. 133.Google Scholar
  5. 30.
    Lawrence Olsen, Japan in Post-war Asia (New York: Praeger, 1970), pp. 506–7.Google Scholar
  6. 34.
    Robert Orr, ‘The Aid Factor in US-Japan Relations’ Asian Survey, vol. XXVIII (July 1988) no. 7, p. 751.Google Scholar
  7. 38.
    Dennis Yasutomo, Japan and the Asian Development Bank (New York: Praeger, 1983) pp. 27–8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© William R. Nester 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St John’s UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations