Japanese Foreign Policy and Policymaking



Few question the assumption that governments build their foreign policies around strategies designed to enhance their country’s national interests and security.1 But aside from protecting one’s territorial integrity from outright invasion or more insidious forms of outside interference, just what are national interests, and from what are nations trying to be secure?


Foreign Policy European Economic Community Japanese Firm Trade Surplus Current Account Surplus 
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  1. 1.
    This chapter is an amalgamation of new material and parts of William Nester, ‘The Third World in Japanese Foreign Policy’, Millenium, vol. XVIII (winter 1989) no. 5 and William Nester, The Foundations of Japanese Power (London: MacMillan, 1990)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shigeru Yoshida, The Yoshida Memoirs (Connecticut: Greenwood, 1962) pp. 119–21.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    John Wellfield, An Empire in Eclipse (London: Athlone Press, 1988) p. 2.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    See William Nester, Japan’s Growing Power over East Asia and the World Economy (London: MacMillan, 1990)Google Scholar
  5. 14.
    Chalmers Johnson, ‘The Patterns of Japanese Relations with China, 1952–82’ Pacific Affairs, vol. LIX (fall 1986) no. 3, p. 405.Google Scholar
  6. 18.
    Harry Chernotsky, ‘Trade Adjustment and Foreign Direct Investment: Japan and the United States’, Pacific Focus, vol. I (fall 1986) no. 2, p. 69.Google Scholar
  7. 21.
    Clyde Prestowitz, Trading Places: How We Allowed Japan to Take the Lead (New York: Basic Books, 1988) p. 76.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© William R. Nester 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St John’s UniversityNew YorkUSA

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