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Developments in the Coffee and Cotton Sectors of El Salvador and Perspectives for Agrarian Policy in the 1980s

  • Wim Pelupessy

Abstract

The crisis of the 1980s appears to be questioning the basic viability of the agro-export development model in Central America. The effects of slackening world market demand, unstable international prices, worsening terms of trade and negative net external capital flows have combined with those of social unrest, repression and in most countries even civil war, resulting in serious external and internal imbalances of the overall economic system. Some studies speak of the end of an era, the consequences of which might be comparable to those of the disappearance of the international indigo markets in the nineteenth century. Then, the inability to make profits on the world market resulted in a drastic change in the production structure of Central America.1

Keywords

Sugar Cane Export Price Green Coffee Agrarian Reform Cotton Grower 
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Notes

  1. 2.
    ECLAC (1986), ‘Central America: Bases for a Reactivation and Development Policy’, CEPAL Review, no. 28 (April) pp. 13–22.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    V. Bulmer-Thomas (1983), ‘Economic Development over the Long Run: Central America since 1920’, Journal of Latin American Studies, no. 15, p. 271.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    See the results of G. Siri, (1983) El Salvador and Economic Integration in Central America ( Toronto: Lexington Books ) p. 201.Google Scholar
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  7. 11.
    See also W. Pelupessy (1987), ‘Los Sectores Agroexportadores de El Salvador, la Base Econômica de una OligarquÞa No-fraccionada’, Boletin de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe (Dec.) pp. 53–80.Google Scholar
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    FUSADES (1985), Programa de Reactivaciôn de la Caficultura (San Salvador) Axo 5.Google Scholar
  12. 35.
    See S. Orellana, W. Pelupessy and F. Thielen (1986), La Productividad y los Costos de Producción de los Cafetaleros Privados en El Salvador (Tilburg: Development Research Institute, Tilburg University) pp. M 60.Google Scholar
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    A. Winson (1978), ‘Class Structure and Agrarian Transition in Central America’, Latin American Perspectives (Fall) pp. 27–48.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Wim Pelupessy 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wim Pelupessy

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