Towards Symmetric Defence, 1982–89

  • Risto E. J. Penttilä


The 1980s have in many ways been the culmination of Finland’s foreign policy efforts in the post-war era. In the economic and political realms Finland has continued to integrate itself into the West via several organisations. Its relations with the Soviet Union have been deprived of most of their secrecy and duplicity. In domestic debate constraints have been removed and free discussion of all aspects of the Finnish post-war experience has ensued. In military defence policy, developments have been equally conspicuous. Finland has built a modern defence force which through its doctrine, force structure and deployment of forces signals Finland’s resolve to defend against both East and West.


Foreign Policy Defence Policy Defence Force Soviet Leader Threat Scenario 
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  1. 6.
    See Dag Anckar, ‘Finland och vsp-pakten’,and KristerStählberg, VSB-pakten och säkerhetspolitiken, in Finsk Tidskrift 3/1982.Google Scholar
  2. 10.
    Tomas Ries, Cold Will, The Defence of Finland, London 1988.Google Scholar
  3. 12.
    Rene Nyberg, ‘Torjuntahävittäjät ja uhkakuvat’, Sotilasaikakauslehti 1989/5 p.379.Google Scholar
  4. 13.
    See René Nyberg, Suomi ja Pohjolan turvallisuus, Helsinki 1983.Google Scholar
  5. 14.
    Paavo Väyrynen, Finland’s utrikespolitik — den nationella doktrinen och framtidens mänsklighetspolitik’, Juva 1988, p. 104.Google Scholar
  6. 18.
    Mauri Mikkola, ‘Sodanajan puolustusvoimat: puoli miljoonaa taistelijaa’, Ruotuväki 10–11/1989.Google Scholar

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© Risto E. J. Penttilä 1991

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  • Risto E. J. Penttilä

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