Superpower Cooperation in South Asia

  • Stephen P. Cohen


South Asia is often thought to be one region where the United States and the Soviet Union have cooperated even as they have pursued their own — sometimes conflicting — Cold War objectives. Their support for New Delhi in the 1962 Sino-Indian war, their large-scale economic aid projects in India (and their smaller, but important programs in other regional states) and their de facto willingness to let one side or the other broker regional conflicts are frequently mentioned in this context. Further, US-Soviet discussions on non-proliferation — now regularly conducted at a high level — often deal with South Asia, since the region contains the two most likely candidates for the title of newest nuclear weapon state.1


Regional State Regional Power South ASIA Regional Interest Economic Assistance 
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  1. 2.
    Barry Buzan has developed the concept of’ security complex’. See Buzan, ‘A Framework for Regional Security Analysis’, in Buzan and Gowher Rizvi, South Asian Insecurity and the Great Powers (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 4.
    See Josef Korbel, Danger in Kashmir (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1966), p. 156.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    For a skeptical history of Indo-Soviet relations see S. Nihal Singh, The Yogi and the Bear (New Delhi: Allied, 1986).Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    See Ravi Rikhye, The War That Never Was (New Delhi: Lancers International, 1988).Google Scholar
  5. 10.
    These remarks were recorded by Averell Harriman. See W. Averell Harriman and Elie Abel, Special Envoy to Churchill and Stalin, 1941–1946 (New York: Random House, 1975), p. 266Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    For two excellent studies see Jerry F. Hough, The Struggle for the Third World: Soviet Debates and American Options (Washington: Brookings, 1986)Google Scholar
  7. Rajan Menon, Soviet Power and the Third World (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986)Google Scholar
  8. 15.
    See the vigorous defense of Yalta by Soviet scholars in K. Subrahmanyam and Jasjit Singh, (eds), Security Without Nuclear Weapons: Indo-Soviet Dialogue (New Delhi: Lancer International, 1986), p. 212.Google Scholar
  9. 18.
    In the conclusion to Stephen P. Cohen (ed.), The Security of South Asia: Asian and American Perspectives (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Roger E. Kanet and Edward A. Kolodziej 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen P. Cohen

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