Cuspoidal Nets

  • Ralph Abraham
Part of the International Economic Association book series (IEA)


The ubiquitous cusp catastrophe has been pressed into service by Zeeman as a rough qualitative model for many dynamical systems in the sciences, including a democratic nation. The extension to two nations has been made by Kadyrov, who discovered an interesting oscillation in this context. Here we speculate on the properties of connectionist networks of cusps, which might be used to model social and economic systems.


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Copyright information

© International Economic Association 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralph Abraham
    • 1

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