Gardens of Eloquence: Rhetoric, Landscape, and Literature in the English Renaissance

  • Michael Leslie


In Joseph Andrews Henry Fielding describes the home of the retiring Mr Wilson with obvious approval: ‘No parterres, no fountains, no statues, embellished this little garden’. And Parson Adams agrees, ‘declaring that this was the manner in which the people had lived in the golden age’.1 The lack of the elements of a formal garden here is seen as characteristic of paradise or, since Adams is a classicist, of the locus amoenus.


Sixteenth Century Literary Tradition Architectural Principle Formal Garden College Garden 
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  1. 1.
    Henry Fielding, Joseph Andrews, ed. Arthur Humphreys (London, 1973) (Book iii, Ch. 4), pp. 174–8. Place of publication is London unless otherwise indicated.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    A. Bartlett Giamatti, The Earthly Paradise and the Renaissance Epic (Princeton, 1966 ).Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    Roy Strong, The Renaissance Garden in England (1979), p. 50.Google Scholar
  4. 10.
    Robert Laneham (or Langham), A letter, ed. R.J.P. Kuin (Leiden, 1983 ), p. 71.Google Scholar
  5. 11.
    Montaigne, Oeuvres complètes, ed. Robert Barral and Pierre Michel (Paris, 1967), p. 484.Google Scholar
  6. 16.
    See H.V.S. Ogden, ‘The principles of variety and contrast in seventeenth-century aesthetics, and Milton’s poetry’, Journal of the History of Ideas, 10 (1949), pp. 159–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 22.
    Clare Williams, Thomas Platter’s Travels in England (1937), pp. 195–7.Google Scholar
  8. 25.
    See David Coffin, ‘The “Lex hortorum” and access to gardens of Latium during the renaissance’, Journal of Garden History, 2 (1982), pp. 201–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 26.
    Sir Henry Wotton, Elements of architecture, 1624, ed. Frederick Hard [Folger Documents of Tudor and Stuart Civilization] (Charlottesville, 1968), pp. 109–10.Google Scholar
  10. 28.
    C.S. Lewis, The Allegory of Love: A Study in Medieval Tradition (Oxford, 1936), p. 331.Google Scholar
  11. 34.
    See John Dixon Hunt, ‘Milton and the making of the English landscape garden’, Milton Studies, 15 (1981), pp. 81–105.Google Scholar
  12. 35.
    See Claudia Lazzaro-Bruno, ‘The Villa Lante at Bagnaia: an allegory of art and nature’, Art Bulletin, 59 (1977), pp. 553–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 39.
    See C.W. Lemmi, ‘The influence of Trissino on the Faerie Queene’, Philological Quarterly, 7 (1928), pp. 220–3.Google Scholar

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© Michael Leslie 1991

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  • Michael Leslie

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