Chilean Education Policy: Authoritarianism and Democracy
The education debate has held a place of privilege in recent Chilean discussions of social welfare and development. These have been dominated by paradigms of reform and counter-reform, socialism and neo-liberalism, democracy and authoritarianism. Seen by most welfare-state partisans and desarrollistas as a means to promote social mobility and political change, by traditional conservatives as a factor sustaining the social status quo and by the new right as an instrument of social modernization in the context of the liberal market model, education reform projects have changed in significant and even contradictory ways. They have also altered the place of the educational system in the social and political panorama. The aim of this chapter is to survey these changes and to examine their centrality in recent political and economic models applied in Chile. Their long-term social implications are now especially important as the country enters a post-authoritarian, democratic phase.
KeywordsSocial Mobility Student Enrolment Education Expenditure Military Regime Education Spending
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