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Education and Training in Colombia, 1940s to 1960s

  • Aline Helg
Part of the St Antony’s/Macmillan Series book series

Abstract

In 1940 Colombian education offered a varied picture. Although enrolment had increased at all levels compared to 1920, access to education hardly kept pace with demographic growth.1 A major improvement was registered in the literacy rate, which rose from 32 per cent of the population over fifteen years of age in 1918 to 56 per cent in 1938. But in 1940 as in 1920, only one-third of children of school age attended primary school, and the majority of these for only the first two grades. Only 6 per cent entered secondary schools (colegios) and very few (perhaps 1 per cent) received vocational schooling. Under 3000 students were enrolled in the universities.2 In practice, only the sons and daughters of the upper and middle classes studied beyond the second or third grade. Vocational training was very limited: industrial schools pursued moral rather than technical goals, and agricultural training was almost nonexistent. In the rural areas, very little schooling was available. Disparities between the countryside and the cities were exacerbated by regional economic imbalances, because the financing of primary education was mainly the responsibility of departmental government. The highest rates of literacy and of school provision were found in the most prosperous and urbanized departments, namely Cundinamarca, Antioquia, Valle, and Atlántico.

Keywords

Vocational Training Primary Education Catholic Church Public Secondary School Coffee Grower 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 5.
    See, for example, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) (Lauchlin Currie, dir.), The Basis for a Development Program for Colombia: Report of a Mission (Washington, DC 1950)Google Scholar
  2. Colombia, Ministerio de Educación Nacional (MEN), Informe del proyecto para el primer plan quinquenal. 4 vols (Bogotá, 1958)Google Scholar
  3. Misión Economia y Humanismo (Louis J. Lebret, OP, dir.), Estudio sobre las condiciones del desarrollo de Colombia, (Bogotá, 1958). Richard R. Renner, Education for a New Colombia, (Washington, DC, 1971), pp. 180–2.Google Scholar
  4. 27.
    Colombia, MEN, Memoria de 1942–1943. 2 vols (Bogotá, 1943), pp. I: 27–8, 237–47Google Scholar
  5. MEN, Panorama de la educación vocacional en Colombia (Bogotá, 1948), pp. 65–68Google Scholar
  6. Misión Economia, Estudio, pp. 312–13Google Scholar
  7. Norberto Solano Lozano, director of vocation training, 1947–51. Interview with author, Bogotá, 5 August 1981.Google Scholar
  8. 28.
    Guzmán, La Violencia, p. I: 299Google Scholar
  9. Francisco Yepes Avila, ‘Concentraciones rurales agricolas. Proyecto educativo de la Federación Nacional de Cafeteros’, Revista Cafetera 19, no. 146 (April 1970): 73–93.Google Scholar
  10. 31.
    Asociación Nacional de Industriales (ANDI) Revista de la Asociación Nacional de Industriales, 1, no. 1 (15 March 1948), pp. 5, 7.Google Scholar
  11. 37.
    Maria Angélica Ducci, The Vocational Training Process in the Development of Latin America. An Interpretative Study. CINTERFOR Studies and Monographs, no. 47 (Montevideo: ILO, 1980), pp. 87–8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Christopher Abel and Colin M. Lewis 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aline Helg

There are no affiliations available

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