The civil service

  • F. N. Forman
Part of the Macmillan Master Series book series (MMSS)


In Britain the standard definition of a civil servant is still the one which was formulated by the Tomlin Commission in 1931, namely ‘a servant of the Crown employed in a civil capacity who is paid wholly and directly from money voted by Parliament’.1 In April 1990 this definition covered about 562 000 people in all. Of this total about 69 000 were industrial civil servants employed principally by the Ministry of Defence and other government agencies. The remaining 493 000 were non-industrial civil servants, about one-quarter of whom worked in central London while the other three-quarters worked in the other offices of central government in all parts of the country.


Central Government Civil Service Ministerial Responsibility Select Committee Senior Civil Servant 
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Further Reading

  1. Bruce-Gardyne, J., Ministers and Mandarins (London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1986).Google Scholar
  2. Chapman, R. A., Ethics in the British Civil Service (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1988).Google Scholar
  3. Drewry, G. and Butcher, T., The Civil Service Today (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988).Google Scholar
  4. Fry, G. K., The Changing Civil Service (London: Allen and Unwin, 1985).Google Scholar
  5. Hennessy, P., Whitehall (London: Secker and Warburg, 1989).Google Scholar
  6. Kellner, P. and Crowther-Hunt, N., The Civil Servants (London: Macdonald, 1980).Google Scholar
  7. Metcalfe, L. and Richards, S., Improving Public Management (London: Sage, 1987).Google Scholar
  8. Rodgers, W. et al., Policy and Practice: the experience of Government (London: RIPA, 1980).Google Scholar
  9. Williams, W., Washington, Westminster and Whitehall (London: CUP, 1988).Google Scholar
  10. Young, H. and Sloman, A., No Minister (London: BBC, 1982).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© F. N. Forman 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. N. Forman

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