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Party Politics and Security Policies in the FRG

  • Jeffrey Boutwell

Abstract

It has become an article of faith that for much of the 1960s and 1970s there existed in the FRG a broad-based security consensus among the major political parties on the basic tenets of German security policy. Dating from the Grand Coalition between the CDU-CSU and the SPD in 1966, if not from the SPD’s adoption of its Bad Godesberg programme in 1959, and extending through Helmut Schmidt’s tenure as chancellor to 1982, this security consensus encompassed the moderates and left-liberals in the SPD, the centrist FDP, and the dominant moderate conservative wing of the CDU.1 Only the doctrinaire socialist wing of the SPD and the right-wing conservatives of the CDU, and especially the CSU, found themselves at odds with majority German sentiment on security policy.

Keywords

Party Politics Security Policy Grand Coalition Foreign Minister Green Party 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    For an excellent paper in this tradition, see Helmut Maneval, ‘Probleme der westlichen Allianz aus okonomischer Sicht’, delivered to a Conference on Parameter der Sicherheitspolitik, Universitat Hohenheim, June, 1987.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Samuel Huntington, American Military Strategy, the Chester Nimitz Memorial Lecture (Berkeley: Institute of International Studies, 1986), p. 19.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Aaron Friedberg, ‘American National Strategy’, paper delivered to a Conference on Strategy and National Security, Chatham, Mass., June, 1987, p. 5.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    For a blunt description of these considerations in another context, see Robert D. Blackwill, ‘Conceptual Problems of Conventional Arms Control’, International Security, vol. 12, no. 4 (Spring, 1988), pp. 31–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 9.
    These figures are from Milton Leitenberg and Nicole Ball (eds), The Structure of the Defense Industry (New York: St Martin’s Press, 1983), pp. 37, 107, 112.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    see Robert Art, Vincent Davis and Samuel Huntington (eds), Reorganizing the Pentagon: Leadership in War and Peace (New York: Pergamon-Brassey, 1985).Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    As cited in Albrecht Zunker, Finanzplanung und Bundeshaushalt (Frankfurt: Alfred Metzner, 1972), p. 141.Google Scholar
  8. 12.
    Renate Mayntz and Fritz Scharf, Policy-making in the German Federal Bureaucracy (Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1975), pp. 125–6.Google Scholar
  9. 16.
    Harald Mueller and Thomas Risse-Kappen, ‘Origins of Estrangement: The Peace Movement and the Changed Image of America in West Germany’, International Security (Summer, 1987).Google Scholar
  10. 19.
    Catherine McArdle Kelleher, ‘The Defense Policy of the Federal Republic of Germany’, in Douglas Murray and Paul Viotti (eds), The Defense Policies of Nations (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982).Google Scholar
  11. 28.
    Richard Cyert and James March, A Behavioral Theory of the Firm (New York: John Wiley, 1967).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Stephen F. Szabo 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey Boutwell

There are no affiliations available

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