This topic is a broad one and the discussion will be limited to mammals, primarily mice and farm animals. Clearly, the world of biotechnology is moving rapidly in various sectors of plant and animal biotechnology (Council for Agricultural Science and Technology, 1986; US Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, 1987; Jaenisch, 1988). The benefits to agriculture of genetic engineering techniques could be enormous in terms of increasing the quantity and quality of food (Council for Agricultural Science and Technology, 1986). The world population will probably double in the next 40 years. If this happens, the food required during that time will equal all the food produced in human history. Animal products will continue to be an important part of a nutritious and appetizing diet. Animals utilizing forages compete less with humans for plant sources in the diet. They can indirectly harvest a virtually inexhaustible source of energy—sunlight—acting through photosynthesis, plant growth, and animal conversion to produce high quality proteins.
KeywordsGlycerol Photosynthesis Straw Protec Panediol
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Adler, R. G. (1988) Controlling the Applications of Biotechnology: A Critical Analysis of the Proposed Moratorium on Animal Patenting. Harvard J. Law Technol., 1: 1–61.Google Scholar
- Ashwood-Smith, M. J. (1986) The Cryopreservation of Human Embryos. Human Reprod., 1: 319–32.Google Scholar
- Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (1986) Genetic Engineering in Food and Agriculture. Report no. 110.Google Scholar
- Ethics Committee, American Fertility Association (1986) Ethical Considerations of the New Reproductive Technologies. J. Fert., 46 (Suppl.): 1S–94S.Google Scholar
- Raines, L. J. (1988) The Mouse that Roared. Iss. in Sci. Technol., 70 (summer): 64–8.Google Scholar
- US Congress, Office of Technology Assessment (1987) Technologies to Maintain Biological Diversity. OTA-F-330. Washington, DC, pp. 137–65.Google Scholar
- — (1984) Intellectual Property Law. In: Commercial Biotechnology: An International Analysis. OTA-BA-218. Washington DC, pp. 383–406.Google Scholar
- Van Horn, C. (1987) Recent Developments in the Patenting of Biotechnology in the United States. Symposium on the Protection of Biotechnological Inventions. Cornell University.Google Scholar
- Whittingham, D. G. and M. Wood (1984) Bibliography on Low Temperature Storage of Mammalian Embryos. Biblio. Reprod., 43(5): A1–A112.Google Scholar