The Not-for-Profit Domain: Toward a Regional and Location Theory

  • Thomas A. Reiner
  • Julian Wolpert


Location Theory, and subsequently Regional Science, have their founda-tions in the study of enterprise: the farm, the factory, the shop. Later, analysis has been extended to embrace the conglomerate, the service provider, and components of the firm (such as back office work). The behaviour of locationally responsive consumers, commuters and travellers has also been the subject of study. More recent development of the field has seen increasing attention paid to the public sector: in making location decisions about its own activities (as in placement of a police station or a health unit), in the conflict such decisions generate, and in the way sanctions and rewards are used to manage individual and entrepreneurial actions, including those related to location of enterprises.


Location Theory Credit Union Nonprofit Sector Make Location Decision Export Base 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    ACIR. Measuring State Fiscal Capacity: Alternative Methods and their Uses.(Washington, DC, 1986).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    R.D. Bingham and J.P. Blair (eds) ‘Urban Economic Development’ Urban Affairs Annual Review, vol. 7, (1984).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    J.S. Bourne and J. Simmons (eds), Systems of Cities (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Coughlin, Keene and Associates, Tourists in Philadelphia 1987, A Report to the Philadelphia Convention and Visitors Bureau (March 1988).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    S.B. Friedmann and A.J. Darragh, ‘Economic Development’, in F. S. So (ed.) The Practice of Local Government Planning, second edition (Washington, DC: International City Managers Association, 1988).Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    H.B. Hansmann, ‘The Role of Nonprofit Enterprise’, Yale Law Journal, vol. 89, no. 5, (April, 1980), pp. 835–901.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    V.A. Hodgkinson and M.S. Weitzman. Dimensions of the Independent Sector, A Statistical Profile, 2nd edn (Washington, DC: Independent Sector, 1986).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    W. Isard, Location Theory (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press and Wiley, 1956).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    W. Isard, Methods of Regional Analysis (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press and Wiley, 1960).Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    W. Isard, et al, General Theory (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1969).Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    S.N. Katz, ‘Influences on Public Policies in the United States’, in W.M. Lowry (ed.) The Arts and Public Policy in the United States (Inglewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1984).Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    K.D. McCarthy, Noblesse Oblige: Charity and Cultural Philanthropy in Chicago, 1849–1929 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982).Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    P.H. Mirvis and E.J. Hackett ‘Work and Workforce Characteristics in the Nonprofit Sector’, Monthly Labor Review, vol. 106, (April 1983), pp. 3–12.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    OECD, Managing and Financing Urban Services (Paris: OECD, 1987).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    T.A. Reiner ‘Not-for-Profits and Real Estate Tax Exemptions’, Working Paper, Metropolitan Philanthropy Study (Philadelphia: University of Penn-sylvania, Regional Science Department, 1986).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    T.A. Reiner and M.I. Wilson The Nonprofits: Their Spatial Distribution’, Proceedings, vol. 14 (New England Valley Geographic Society, 1984).Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    T.A. Reiner and M.I. Wilson, ‘Nonprofits in a Löschian Landscape’, in R.H. Funck and A. Kuklinski (eds) Space Structure and Economy. (Karlsruhe: Von Loeper, 1986).Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    T.A. Reiner and J. Wolpert, ‘Funding Caps’, Public Administration Review, vol. 45, no. 3, (May/June 1985), pp. 391–97.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    T.A. Reiner and J. Wolpert, ‘The Not-for-Profit Sector in Stable and Growing Metropolitan Areas’, Urban Affairs Quarterly, vol. 20, (1985), pp. 487–510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    T.A. Reiner and J. Wolpert, ‘Austerity Impacts on Neighborhood Development Organizations’, Policy Studies Journal, vol. 16, no. 2, (Winter, 1987), pp. 307–23.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    L.M. Salamon, ‘The Results are Coming In’, Foundation News, (1984), pp. 16–23.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    L.M. Salamon, ‘Nonprofit Organizations: The Lost Opportunity’, in J.L. Palmer and I.V. Sawhill (eds) The Reagan Record (1987).Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    R. Steinberg, ‘Voluntary Donations and Public Expenditures in a Federalist System’, American Economic Review, vol. 77, (1987), pp. 24–36. 170 The Not-for-Profit DomainGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    C. Tiebout, ‘A Pure Theory of Local Expenditure’, Journal of Political Economy, vol. 64, (1956), pp. 416–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    B.A. Weisbrod, ‘Toward A Theory of the Voluntary Nonprofit Sector in a Three Sector Economy’, in E.S. Phelps (ed.) Altruismt Morality, and Economic Theory (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1975).Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    B.A. Weisbrod, The Voluntary Non-Profit Sector: An Economic Analysis(Lexington, MA: Heath, 1979).Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    B.A. Weisbrod, The Nonprofit Economy (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1988).Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    M.I. Wilson, ‘For-Profit, Government, and Nonprofit Activity: An Economic Geography’, Paper to Annual Conference of Association of American Geographers (Phoenix, AZ: April, 1988).Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    J. Wolpert, ‘The Geography of Generosity’, Annals, American Association of Geographers vol. 78, no. 4, (December, 1988) forthcoming.Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    J. Wolpert and T.A. Reiner, ‘Service Provision by the Not-for-Profit Sector: Comparative Study’, Economic Geography, vol. 60, no. 1, (January,[8] , pp. 100–200.Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    J.A. Wolpert and T.A. Reiner, ‘The Philanthropy Marketplace’, Economic Geography, vol. 60, no. 3, (July 1984), pp. 197–209.Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    J. Wolpert, T.A. Reiner and L. Starrett, The Metropolitan Philanthropy Study (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, School of Public and Urban Policy/Regional Science Department, 1980).Google Scholar
  33. D.R. Young, If Not For Profit, for What: A Behavioral Theory of the Nonprofit Sector Based on Entrepreneurship (Lexington, MA: Lexington- Heath, 1983).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Manas Chatterji and Robert E. Kuenne 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas A. Reiner
  • Julian Wolpert

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations