Cosmic Space and the Role of Europe
The evolution of technology, which has taken place at an almost exponential rate, has allowed mankind to reach and use outer space. The number of objects orbiting in space is very high. A reasonable estimate is in the tens of thousands — manned or unmanned — of artificial satellites, most of which will orbit our planet for a very long time. The history of the conquest of space has started only recently. During the Second World War the V2s, launched by the Germans, could only reach a height of about 215 km. On 4 October 1957 the Soviet Union launched Sputnik I, which was the world’s first artificial satellite. On 12 April 1961 the Soviets launched the first man into outer space, orbiting several times around the Earth. By July 1969 American astronauts had set foot upon the Moon. In May 1983 the Pioneer 10, launched by the United States, escaped from our solar system and entered infinite cosmic space. Man in space is thus already a reality. A French publication describes the appearance of a new human species, the ‘Spacepithecus’, successor of the famous ‘Australopithecus’, who represented an important step in human evolution. This may be considered ‘science fiction’, but very often fantasy is based on rational analysis and romantic ‘feelings’ become a part of the process of the analysis of reality.
KeywordsEuropean Space Agency Outer Space Space Technology Science Fiction Artificial Satellite
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